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My main concern is justice oriented. If we are to eventually redirect it toward a new ethic on wealth accumulation, we need to understand how American religion, at least partially, became a tool for defending social norms that allow excessive wealth and grinding poverty to co-exist
While much of this thesis is descriptive, especially the first three chapters, my main concern is justice oriented. If we are to eventually redirect it toward a new ethic on wealth accumulation, we need to understand how American religion, at least partially, became a tool for defending social norms that allow excessive wealth and grinding poverty to co-exist. I have traced how Christianity evolved from explicit attempts to control activities in the economic sphere (as represented by Aquinas and Calvin) to a separation of religion from economics as described by Tawney and others. We have seen how America Puritan individualism worked with the frontier experience and New Thought theologies to birth various gospels of success. In the 20th century the prosperity doctrine emerged as a natural outgrowth of these characteristics for recombining economics and religion, being based on personal responsibility plus optimism about success. That God is "kept in a box" to be called on as needed is a fruit of the prosperity doctrine that is largely ignored.
Fortunately there are both historical critiques, such as the social gospel movement, and increasing numbers of contemporary voices challenging the prosperity doctrine as a faithful way of reintegrating religion and economics. The ministries and approaches introduced here will evolve and hopefully grow in scope in the coming decades so that American religious thought and practice can become a valuable resource for societal concerns about wealth as well as encourage individuals and communities of faith across America along the path toward spiritual health and wholeness.
Table of Contents:
Chapter 1: A Revolution in Attitudes Toward Prosperity & Wealth
The Moral and Economic Philosophy of Adam Smith
Weber and Tawney on Religion and Economics
Chapter 2 - America's Exceptional Individualism
The Religious Aspects of American Individualism
New Thought Theologies
Chapter 3 - Evolution of the Protestant Ethic in 20th Century America
The Gospel of Success
Pentecostal and Neo-Pentecostal Theologies
The Prosperity Gospel Today
Related Ethical Defenses of Wealth Accumulation
The Reach of Wealth Accumulation Defenses
Chapter 4: Toward Developing A 21st Century Faith & Money Ethic
Introduction and an Historical Note
Challenging the Spirituality of Accumulation
Biblical Perspectives on Reuniting Faith and Money
Ministries for Transforming Our Relationship with Money
Appendix: Faith and Money Resources
A M.A. thesis submitted in candidacy for the degree of Master of Arts in Religion and Theology
Copyright ښ 2008 by Michael Troutman} , 3156 Elliot Av
Minneapolis, MN 55407 - 612-822-6059 [Michael Troutman} , 3156 Elliot Av
Minneapolis, MN 55407 - 612-822-6059
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