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Special Collections

South Africa  |  Lutheran Orient Missions  |  Andrew Burgess  |  Olaf Cartford  |  John Halvorson  |  Fredrick Schiotz  |  Edward Sovik  |  Rolf Syrdal  |  Willmar Thorkelson

South Africa

Historical sketch

The first Lutheran missionaries to the Cape area of southern Africa, sent by the Berlin Mission Society, arrived in 1834. Ten years later, Hans Paludan Schreuder of Norway was sent by a mission committee, which eventually became the Norwegian Missionary Society, to begin working among the Zulus in Natal (now Durban).  Schreuder established the first permanent mission station among the Zulus in 1851; the first baptism of a Zulu person took place in 1858.  In 1873, a policy disagreement led Schreuder to leave the N.M.S.  His missionary endeavors, renamed the Schreuder Mission, subsequently came under the administrative oversight of the Church of Norway.  After the merger that created the Norwegian Lutheran Church in America (later renamed the Evangelical Lutheran Church) in 1917, the Schreuder Mission in South Africa was recognized as an “official mission” of the new church body.  The NLCA took over management of the Schreuder Mission in 1927, at which time the name was changed to the American Lutheran Mission in South Africa.  When a synod was formed in its area, it was named the Mankankanana Synod, after the Zulu name for Schreuder.

In 1960, a merger occurred between the Mankankanana Synod and three other Lutheran synods in the Zulu-speaking area, including those which had developed from the efforts of the Berlin Mission, the Church of Sweden Mission, and the Norwegian Missionary Society.  The new church body was named the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa-South Eastern Region (ELCSA-SER).  In 1963, the Hermannsburg Synod also joined.  The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa (ELCSA) was formed in 1975 when the ELCSA-SER and three other regional churches merged.

Lutherans have had a history of involvement in the most urgent social issues in South Africa, including racial equality, opposition to apartheid, ministry to those affected by AIDS, and women’s issues.

Scope and content

This collection contains materials pertaining to Lutheran missionary activities in what is now the country of South Africa. Minutes and correspondence of the Federation of Evangelical Lutheran Churches in Southern Africa (FELCSA), the Council of Churches on Lutheran Foundation (CCLF), the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa (ELCSA), the South African Council of Churches (SACC), and the Joint Committee on South Africa (JCSA).  Additional materials from ELCSA, including constitution, budgets, and officers’ records.  Drafts, minutes and reports of ELCSA-SER, originally in Zulu with partial English translation.  Minutes and reports of Cooperation Lutheran Missions (CLM) in Natal.  Minutes, newsletters, and photographs from the Southern Africa Network (SAN).  Correspondence, particularly with the Mission Office in Minneapolis, A.L.M., and individual missionaries.  Budgets, reports, and yearbooks of Schreuder Mission and American Lutheran Mission.  Draft constitution, maps, and historical writings on the Mankankanana Synod.  Magazines, journals, and almanacs produced by churches and church bodies in southern Africa.  Minutes and reports from the Church of Norway Mission, predominantly in Norwegian.  Publications in Zulu, including Sunday school books, adult literacy books, hymnals, and altar book.  Publications of the South African government and materials on government education programs.  Materials on recent South African history, regarding post-apartheid challenges; HIV and AIDS; and prominent South Africans, including Nelson Mandela, Beyers Naude, and Alan Paton.  Clippings from secular periodicals and pamphlets on social issues.

Date span 1855 to 2003; bulk 1927 to 1994.

Box list

Box 1

American Lutheran Mission in South Africa.  - Schreuder Mission until 1927
Missionary Correspondence from 1939-1986 to the Mission Office in Minneapolis
“Church of Norway Mission in S.A.  – Schreuder Mission”   1927 –
MAIN RESPONSIBILITY TRANSFERRED TO Norwegian Lutheran Church in America (NLCA) – later Evangelical Lutheran Church (ELC)
Minutes of committee in Norway, 1855-1925
Annual Reports, 1911, 1912, 1918, 1919 (in Norwegian)
Reports & Minutes, 1926-1963
Schreuder Mission and American Lutheran Mission (Schreuder Mission)
Reports, Budgets, Year Books, 1855-1925 (incomplete)  (Note:  In 1927, the Norwegian Lutheran Church in America (NLCA) took over the responsibility of the Schreuder Mission in Norway and the Schreuder Mission in South Africa.)
American Lutheran Mission in S.A. (Schreuder Mission):  Reports, minutes, 1927-1963.

Box 2

Correspondence with A.L.M Superintendents-counselors  1961-1967
ALM treasurer  1956-1967
Misc. Correspondence – Rolf and Vi Aaseng, Phillip and Lou-Marie Knutson, Tom Soeldner, Solveig Otte.  Also Reports.

Box 3

Federation of Evangelical Lutheran Churches in Southern Africa (FELCSA)   l966-1979
Minutes and correspondence and predecessor organization – Council of
Churches on Lutheran Foundation (CCLF)  1953-1966 Minutes  (not complete)
Radio Production (RVOG)   Radio Voice of the Gospel,  Carroll Ellertson, Director

Box 4     Church Publications

“Isithunywa”,  “The Messenger”,  Zulu Lutheran Periodical, October 1907 – misc. issues 1964-1974
“Isibani”  “The Lamp”  Hlabisa Hospital,  1966-19709 ,  1975-1981.  Incomplete
“ELCSA News”   1978 – 1991.   Incomplete
“Lutheran Information”   Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa – ELCSA (SER)  1968-1971  incomplete
“Ecunews”   So. African Council of Churches  (SACC)  1983 (incomplete)  Oct. ’93  East Rand Violence – Funeral  (EMPSH)
“Inkanyezi”“Star”Youth Magazine – Dec. 1960-Oct 1962 (Incomplete)
Almanacs – “Zulu Almanac” – 1963m ’64, ‘68
Lutheran Almanac, 1970, ‘’71, ‘72
ELCSA  Almanac, 1984, ’85, ’86   Incomplete

Box 5

Correspondence  - Superintendent, A.L.M.  1935-1960
One folder – Correspondence with ALM Treasurer, John Nelson 1930-

Box 6

Lutheran Medical Foundation  (LMF)  1969-1979
Lutheran Medical Work in ELCSA (SER)  and ELCA  (SED)
Constitution, Minutes, also 3 volume report by Ernest Holman, Organizing consultant, August 1967
Hlabisa Hospital – Misc. Information

Box 7

Minutes – Lutheran Mission Council,  11-26-52  (Meeting leading to Council of Churches on Lutheran Foundation. (CCLF)
Lutheran Conference, Feb. 1, 1957 with Dr. Heubner (LWF)  A call for one Lutheran Church in South Africa.
Conference of Lutheran Congregations in South Africa (Previously Board of Trustees for Extension work in Southern Africa)  Feb. 1962
St. Peters by the Lake Lutheran Church in Johannesburg.  1968-1976 Correspondence and reports

Box 8    Education – Government

“Bantu Education Journal”   1955
Natal Province – Ordinance, 1942 and “Report of Provincial Committee on native Education”  1944-1946
An evaluation of education as a missionary agency with special reference to Government aided schools in Natal, South Africa…W.O. Rindahl.  1949

Box 9

Reports of Consultations “Missionary Outreach in an Urban Society” Sept. 1966
“The Two Kingdoms”  April 1967
“The Healing Ministry of the Church”  Sept. 1967  (2 copies)
“Concepts of Death & Funeral Rites”  Oct. 1969
Letters – Memorandums
1. Healing Ministry  G. Lislerud & Dr. M.V. Gumede
2. Memorandum on April 1967  Pastoral Institute
3.  Material on LTC.  R. Aaseng  1980-1988
4. Letter from H. Häselbarth

Box 10  Publications – ZULU

Sunday School Books
Song Books

Box 11   M. Buthelezi – W. Kistner

Bishop M. Buthelezi – vita, Lectures/sermons  1967-1975clippings
Dr. W. Kistner  - Lectures and reports, 1985-1996
Buthelezi – Banning Order

Box 12   Church and State, etc.

WCC Anti-racism campaign, 1970-1971
Churches – pre and post- apartheid  1944—
Church and State – 1980s
Church and Land issues  1991-1998
TRC  Truth and Reconciliation Commission
W.C.C. Cottesloe Consultation, Dec. 1960

Box 13

South Africa Recent History
“Secular History”  (2 folders) includes Freedom Charter
Post apartheid, 1994  Change- Problems – Challenge
“Peace Accord”  1991, and new Constitution adopted, 1996

Box 14   Missionary Correspondence and Documents

Box A:
Bishop H. Astrup  1876 -1916.  Dr. J. Astrup and Bertina Astrup, 1923-1955  
Nils Astrup, Marie Larsen, H. Schreuder
Mission History (Zulu Lutheran High School included)
Missionary Stories and articles etc.  1936-1968

Box B:
American Lutheran Mission in South Africa, Reports and Minutes, 1964-1978
J. Knutson Report of visit, 1975
P. Knutson Report, 1994

Box 15   Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa – (ELCSA):  Minutes and Correspondence

S.E. Diocese  1976-1979
Western Diocese  1976 – 1982  Includes  Re: Botswana  1977
Botswana Diocese  1982
C. Ulrich  Re:  The breakaway of the Botswana Circuit of the Western Diocese.  Formation of ELCB & ELCSA Botswana Diocese
Evangelical Lutheran Church in southern Africa
South Eastern Region  (ELCSA-SER)
Statement regarding Race Problem   July 2, 1963.  (First of its kind for an African Lutheran Church)
Correspondence  1968-1972   Bishop, Secretary, Treasurer, 1968-1972
Correspondence – Administrative Secretary – T. Homdrom, 1967-1973
ELC Overseas A/C
Audited statements, correspondence – Note:  This account started in 1968 when Ted Homdrom was asked to be treasurer for ALC, CSM and NMS missions in South Africa.  Also trustee for their property.  When he became general treasurer of ELCSA in 1976 based in Jo-burg, he took these accounts with him.
Correspondence  ELCSA-SERBishop Mhlungu and others, 1973-‘75

Box 16

HIV and AIDS in South Africa
Misc. clippings and reports

Box 17   Missionary Correspondence

(Mostly to Office in Minneapolis.  Material is listed alphabetically by Missionary’s surname.)
J. Ylvisaker, 1935-37
T.O. Ylvisaker, 1935-37
Johannes Astrup, 1939-53
Missionary Correspondence, 1939-1985  In alphabetical order:
Aaseng, J. Astrup, Henninge Astrup, Becker, A. Brownlow (Rabie), E. Eide, Evenson, Ellertson, Homdrom, Eva Jensen, J. Kjome, M. Knapcik, Knutson, Lislerud, R. Lohne, D. Nelson, H & L Nelson, C & L Otte, J & A Otte, Solveig Otte, Halls, Haugebak, Ruth Peterson, Reinertson, Rindahl,  L. Widdifield Scales, P. Solvik, Tom & Joyce Soeldner

Box 18   Drafts, minutes and reports  ELCSA - SER

Constitutions – Documents 1953- 1974  including draft constitution of United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Southern Africa. Pre-ELCSA- SER
Consecration of Bishop P.B. Mhlungu, first Zulu Lutheran Bishop
Consecration of 2nd Zulu Bishop – L.E. Dlamini
Minutes – Reports  ELCSA –South Eastern Region ELCSA - SER 1960-1975
Brief History of the Johannesburg Circuit of ELCA-SER  Reports , 1968-71  J. Knutson
Statement on “Race Problem”
Constitution and “United Testimony”

Box 19   Cooperating Lutheran Missions in Natal  (C.L.M.)

Minutes – Reports  1911-1986  “The History”, 1912-1951  Herman Schlyter
“Umlando” (history)  -Zulu - O. Sarndal, 1962  (Zulu)
Articles in “Credo by Homdrom, Loken, Mpanza, Fortuin
Memorandum of a Committee regarding S.A. Government Commission…Report on “Native Education”
-     CLM and various “offspring”
-     Lutheran Mission council
-     Lutheran Advisory council
-     Liaison Committee – “ integration of missionary agencies into the younger churches”  by Ted Homdrom
-     Lutheran Theological Seminary – later Lutheran Theological College (LTC) 1951-1976
-     Governing Board for Lutheran Theological Institutions  1974-1979
-     Umpumulo Institute Inkanyezi – 3 issues.
-     Folder on Zulu Lutheran H.S.  Eshowe

Under CLM category:
Indian Church CouncilMinutes, reports, correspondence 1963-1971

Not under CLM
Marang Lutheran Theological Seminary (1968-1976)  Reports, minutes, correspondence
Federal Theological Seminary of South Africa (Fed Sem) 1973-1979

Box 20   South African Council of Churches (SACC) 1969-1982: Minutes and correspondence

Predecessor Body – Christian Council of South Africa 1954  Material on “Bantu Education Act”
Under SACC – Division of Justice and Reconciliation, 1976-1977|
Under SACC – Asingeni Relief Fund and Dependents’ Conference  1977-1982
1983  Report of the Commission of Inquiry into South African Council of Churches
The Christian Institute (1963-1982)  constitution, Newsletters, messages by Beyers Naude, Theo. Kotze.
Correspondence, Newspaper Clippings (1963-1975)
Resolution on Conscientious Objection by national Conference of SACC, 1974 Declaration by the Executive Council of the united Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa (4 white Lutheran Churches) expressing opposition to the Resolution.
Violence, Detentions (1986-1991)
Investment, Divestment  (1971-1981)
Removals, Resettlement (70’s – 80’s)
South African Institute of Race Relations (1949-1979) (SAIRR): Minutes, Correspondence, Material of “Bantu Education Act”
Religious Broadcasting in South Africa –related to WACC – Gunter Kaiser

Box 21   Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa (ELCSA) Constituted, December 1975

Standing Committee and Management Board, 1975
Constitution, also Rules and Regulations.  Constitutions of Women’s, Men’s and Youth Leagues and Music Organizations
Minutes of Constituting Assembly, Dec. 15-19, 1975
Church Council Minutes (1976-1985)
General Assembly Minutes, 1980, 1982
Presiding Bishop P. B. Mhlungu, 1976-1978, D.P. Rapoo, 1979
General Secretary, 1976 – 1982
General Treasurer, Theodore Homdrom  1976-1982
Pension Scheme
Budgets, 1979-1981

Box 22   Joint Committee on South Africa (JCSA)

Minutes, Budgets, Correspondence, 1962-1973
JCSA Standing Committee 1973-1976   - Constitution, Minutes, Correspondence, Budgets.  Consultation in Stavanger, 1975
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa Partners (EP’s) -1975-1989  (Successor to JCSA)
Convenor, Correspondence, Minutes, Consultations 1975-1989 including Swaziland 1977, Hillbrow (Jo-burg), 1982, Mbabane 1989

Box 23   Prominent South Africans

Box A
Nelson Mandela
Articles in TIME  2-1990, 2-1994
Address to 2nd Session of Parliament  2-12-95
Articles in Star Trib  2-12-90
Articles in “The Weekly Mail”  2-12-90 –Mandela’s Release; 2-16-90  – Souvenir supplement

Box B
Beyers Naude  1915-2004  Tributes, Articles after his death

File Folder 1a
Articles – The Afrikaner and Race Relations, and addresses, 1967
Article in Christian Century  - May 1975McLeod Bryan
Article in Christianity & Crisis  - Robert McAfee Brown –
“AProphet without honor”  Dec. 12, 1977.  Given in late 1974 on occasion of Beyers Naude being honored with the Reinhold Niebuhr Award
Articles in “Challenge”  Dec. 1991, June-July, 1995

File Folder 1b
Ecumenical Advice Bureau (Naude & Kistner)  News Letters re: Runup to election, March-April, 1994.  Open letter to pastors, 1996

Box C     
Steve BikoMisc. clippings, reactions after his death  9-12-77.  Address on Black consciousness, Oct. 1971

File Folder 1c     
Alan Paton   Journey’s end  1986
Address to convocation of the Univ. of Natal, re: “Academic Freedom”

Box D  Christian Institute, Beyers Naude, Director

Box 24
1. ELC PROPERTY MANAGEMENT COMPANY  (note: PMC established in 1968 to hold land for the “Black Church”.  S.A. law forbad “Black” Ownership of Land in “White” areas.
Documents & Minutes.   Correspondence 1966-1982

B.  File Folder   “CAR policy”  of 5 mission agencies related to ELCSA

Box 25

1.  Pro veritate, Christian Institute, 1966-1977 (incomplete)
Diakonia news, 1985-1986  (Incomplete) Final issue before banning material on Christian institute and SPROCAS
1.  South Africa Outlook  1972-1973, 1978  (incomplete)

Box 26

A.  Church of Sweden Mission  (CSM)  1962-1968
CSM Mission council  Conference meetings
Medical Advisory Committee and Health Services
Boarding Homes Committee
B.  Correspondence with Home Board  1970-1976
Missionary Committee  1968-1978   Interim Committee
Fellowship Committee

Box 27   South African Government Publications

27a  Summary of the Report of Commission for the Socio-Economic Development of the Bantu areas within the Union of South Africa. (the Tomlinson Report, October 1955.)
NOTE:  Very helpful insights into the thinking of the S.A. government at that time as it worked out details of implementing “Separate Development”, even if many of the recommendations of this Commission were never fully implemented.

27b  S.A. Panorama
1989   May – Dec.
1991  March-April   (Incomplete)  Note:  Government propaganda

Box 28   Mankankanana Synod

A.  Mankankanana  is the Zulu name for Bishop Schreuder.  The Mankankanana Synod was constituted as an independent body – evolving from the work of the American Lutheran Mission (Schreuder Mission) which began in 1927 when the then Norwegian Lutheran Church in America (NLCA – later ELC) at the request of the Schreuder Mission Committee in Norway took over their responsibility in South Africa.

This synod continued until 1961 when it became a part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in South Africa – South Eastern Region (ELCSA-SER).  (1960 Merger Convention.  Began to operate in 1961)  This body was constituted by the merger of 4 synods evolving from the work of the following mission organizations:  Berlin Mission, Church of Sweden Mission, Norwegian Missionary Society and American Lutheran Mission.  The Synod from the work of the Hermannsborg Mission joined in 1963.

1.  Documents: Draft Constitution,  Assembly minutes from 1954,
Minutes and Correspondence  
Note:  Since Zulu was the “official” language of this synod, a much more complete collection of documents is in the archives in South Africa – in offices of the ELCSA-SED (South Eastern Diocese) in Umphumulo, Kwazulu – Natal.
This synod didn’t exist for a long period, but it was a very important step on the way to the formation of the South Eastern Region – ELCSA (SER) in 1960
2.  History of Entumeni Mission Station
3.  Maps including ELCSA-SER.  Dedication of Schreuder memorial Church Entumeni, 1956.   Mankankanana Synod in 1954.

1.  Statements on Race Relations 1963, This was the first of its kind by a Lutheran Church in South Africa.
2.  Budgets – financial statements, 1969-74
3.  Correspondence – Bishop, Secretary, Treasurer, 1968-72
Correspondence with Administrative Secretary – Ted   

Homdrom, 1967-1975

4.  ELC overseas account, 1969-1977.  Audited statements, correspondence.  (Note – This A/C started in 1968 when Ted Homdrom was asked to be treasurer for the ALC, CSM (Sweden) and NMS (Norway) missions in South Africa, also trustee for their property.  When he became treasurer of ELCSA in 1976 based in Jo’burg, he took these accounts with him.
Correspondence, 1973-75  mostly between ALC DWMIC (Knutson) and Bishop Mhlungu

C.  ELCSA – Arts and Crafts Centre
Minutes, reports, correspondence, 1970-1977
“Jabula Journal”  1981 Student Journal.  NOTE:  There is a very detailed and well illustrated book about this centre in the Luther Seminary Library

Box 29

File 1    Periodicals, 1966-91
-     “Time”  “Delusions of Apartheid”, Aug 26, 1966  (Verwoerd on cover)
-     “Courier”  UNESCO  March 1967.  “Apartheid”  Very good information articles by Alan Paton, Lewis Breytenbach, article on “Apartheid and the Church”
-     “Race Relations News”  S.A. Institute of Race Relations, Aug, 1974.  Questions and Answers.  Article on Lutheran Arts and Crafts Centre, Rorke’s Drift.
-     D.A. News”  International Defense and Aid Fund for Southern Africa, Nov. 1974.  Informative updates, helpful references
-     “Southern Africa”  Southern Africa Committee, N.Y, NY, March 1977.  Articles on Soweto, Mozambique, South Rhodesia, Namibia and US Policy.
-     “The Voice”, April-May, 1977.  Sponsored by the Churches in South Africa.  Banned by the South African government.
-     Articles/interview with John Thorne, first black General Secretary of the S.A. Council of Churches.  Interview with Bishop M. Buthelezi.
-     “New Era”, Summer, 1991.  Cover story on Archbishop Desmond Tutu.
-     “Drum”, Dec/Jan, 1991-92.  Supplement – a 40 year perspective of township life – Politics, Entertainment, Social life and Sport.

File 2  Misc. pamphlets
-     “Tyranny 90” – 90 day protest committee (90 day clause – any person suspected of possessing information re: political crimes can  be detained for 90 days (can be repeated) without trial, without contacts etc. Signers to protest statement include Bishop H. Fossens, ELCA-SER, Rev. W.O. Rindahl, Supt. American Lutheran Mission.
-     “Robert Kennedy in South Africa”, 1966.  Visit of Robert and Ethel
-     “The New Terrorists”  by South African Student Organization (SASO).  Re:  Government actions against SASO members and others, June/July 1976
-     “One Step in the Wrong Direction”  - an analysis of the “Sullivan Principles.”  Episcopal Churchmen, later Episcopal Church People for a Free Southern Africa.
-     “Women for Change”  Consultation, Nov 30-Dec. 2, 1984.  Home and Family Division of the SA Council of Churches
-     “Strangers in Their Own Country”,  A curriculum guide on South Africa.  William Bigelow.  African World Press, Trenton, NJ, 1985.  Good summaries and bibliography up to that date.
-     “Until we are Free”  Study guide to South Africa’s Moment of Truth.  John and Patricia de Beer.  Friendship Press, 1988.  Good summaries and bibliography.
-     “A Woman’s Place in the Struggle- Not Behind Bars.”  Federation of Transvaal women.  The Africa Fund, NY, NY, Graphic interviews and accounts, 1988
-     “South Africa – a Land Divided”  A Black Sash Publication, 1982.  Removals and resettlement.  Joyce Harris, Sheena Duncan, Ethel Walt and others.  Very good.
-     “The Seven Days War”  March 25-31, 1990.  The Victims narrative.  John Aitchison Centre for Adult Ed.  Univ. of natal, Pieter Maritzly, 1991
-     “Growing up Tough”,  a natural survey of South African youth.From Natural Youth Development for Conference.  Broederstroom, March 1993.  Community Agency for Social Enquiry. (CASE), 1993


Minutes, Reports
Schreuder Mission  1855-1927   (came under Norwegian Lutheran Church in America  (NLCA)  in 1927 at Request of Committee in Norway and Schreuder Mission in South Africa)
American Lutheran Mission in S.A.  (Schreuder Mission) 1936-1963
Note:  The April 1957 edition of “The Missionary” is a special edition devoted to reports from South Africa.
Publications by American Lutherans  Re: South Africa:
“Unkulunkulu in Zululand”  - Andrew S. Burgess
Mission in South Africa  - Pernle C. Pederson,  Augsburg, 1957
“Back of Beyond”  -June Kjome,  Augsburg, 19__
Exercise in Compassion -

Lutheran Orient Missionsarrow link to top of page

Historical Sketch

The Lutheran Orient Mission (LOM) was established in 1910 at the Protestant Inter-National Conference for Foreign Missions in Edinburgh.  Originally named the Inter-Synodical Lutheran Orient Mission Society, it is currently called Lutheran Mideast Development.  Its purpose is to serve the Kurds, an ethnic group of some 25 million scattered among Turkey, Iraq, Syria, and Iran.  The Kurds trace their origins to the Medes of the ancient Persian Empire.

The first missionaries sent were L. O. Fossum, a Lutheran pastor from Berwyn, Illinois, and E. Edman, a pastor and veteran of the India missions.  They established a missionary compound at the city of Soujbulak; this property was completely destroyed during a war between Russia and Persia (1912-1916).  The missionaries fled at that time.  After World War I, Fossum returned.  Before his death in 1920 at age 41, he produced a Kurdish alphabet, grammar, an English-Kurdish lexicon, as well as translations of the New Testament, Luther’s Small Catechism, and a hymnbook with 100 hymns and a Lutheran liturgy.

Medical service was part of the missionary effort from the beginning.  Fossum and Edman had brought nurses when they first arrived in Soujbulak, and a succession of medical personnel subsequently served in the territory.  In the 1960s, Dr. Richard Gardiner, an English physician, labored to fund the construction a hospital in Gorveh, Iran.  His hospital was closed in 1979 when LOM was forced to leave the country.

Political circumstances made it impossible for LOM to continue its work in Iraq and Iran.  LOM was ejected from Iraq in 1959 for no clearly stated reason.  Nonetheless, Sadiq Shammi, an evangelist, was able to keep the Iraq mission field alive through the 1970s.  After Shammi’s retirement, no one was able to continue in Iraq because of the war with Iran.  At the beginning of the war, all foreigners were driven out of Iran, forcing the abandonment of that field as well.  LOM subsequently set up operations in Egypt and Bangladesh, while continuing to hold its primary mission to be ministry to the Kurds wherever they could be reached.

Scope and content

This collection contains materials produced in the course of the Lutheran Orient Mission’s establishment and operations.  L.O.M. constitution and bylaws.  Minutes, agendas, and reports from the board of directors, executive committee, and annual meetings.  Correspondence, notably including that of Clarence Mueller, Henry A. Mueller, Clemens H. Zeidler, Charles A. Puls, Arthur L. Rustad, and Sadiq Shammi.  Personal files on numerous L.O.M. personnel.  Ledgers of income, expenses, and receipts, 1923 to 1951.  Financial statements and audit reports.  Materials on the hospital in Gorveh, Iran, including correspondence and reports from Dr. Richard Gardiner.  Partial runs of “Kurdistan Missionary” and “Lutheran Orient Mission.”  Photographs and promotional materials.

Date span 1896 to 1989; bulk 1920 to 1985.

Box list

Box 1

Scrapbook of Kurdistan  photos from  Morris O. Wee  ca 1890

Box 2

“Administration” – 1963   papers and letters by C.C.A. Jensen including 54 page “ A Crisis Situation”, 27-page paper on The Lutheran Church
LOM Constitution – 1910?
Short history of LOM – 56 pp. plus other historical pieces.
Historical Sketch of LOM by Norman Olson.  27pp 1950
Misc. letters, ca 1963
Death, funeral bulletin and information about Robert Emory Golladay
Biographical sheet about Dr. Richard Gardiner, and 1963 visit schedule
”Why I became a Christian”  - Sadiq Shammi of Arbil, Iraq; 1973 booklet “Shammi of Iraq”
Financial Reports, 1933-1968
Handbook of Missionaries Allowances and Furlough Periods, 1961  Church Missionary Society
”Obedience” – paper by C.C.A. Jensen
Promotional folders, tracts etc.
Short History of the Assyrians”  - in Norsk
60th Anniversary materials, 1970
Reports – from Jensen, Mueller, Anderson   1952-1963
Floor Plan of  Christian Hospital, Ghorveh, Kurdistan, Iran

Box 3

Correspondence from Clarence Mueller  1932-1936
Correspondence from Clarence Mueller, 1936-1945

Box 4

Executive Committee & Board Minutes, 1951-1971
Executive Committee and Board Minutes, 1951 - 1954
Executive Committee and Board Minutes, 1956 – 1959
Missionary Council Minutes, Iraq – 1957-1958
Minutes, 1960 - 1962
Minutes, 1963
Minutes, 1964 - 1965
Minutes, 1966 – 1967
Minutes, 1968 – 1969
Minutes, 1970 – 1971

Box 5

Correspondence, 1956-1968
Dr. Richard Gardiner  -1956-1968 with C.C.N Jensen & others
Board Member and Executive Secretary 1958-1968
Mrs. Anita Nelson – with Board & Exec. Sec’y 1958 - 1962
Mrs. Anita Nelson – with Dr. Gardiner, 1963 – 1965
Mrs. Anita Nelson – with Board and Exec. Sec. 1966 - 1968  
Board Correspondence with Gardiners  1960 – 1966
Correspondence with other Board members than Gardiner
Misc. correspondence with Anita Nelson
Misc. correspondence, 1960-1962
Long folder of Misc. Correspondence, 1958 – 1965
(Long narrow book) with 100 Kurdish Christian hymns…some translations and some original – L.O. Fossum.  Donors seem to include M.O. Wee and Dr. A.S. Burgess

Box 6

Correspondence ’78-‘79
LOM Correspondence, 1972, 1977 – 1978
Correspondence, January - June , 1978
Correspondence, July – Dec. 1978
Second field Correspondence, 1979
Correspondence, January – June, 1979

Box 7
Correspondence, 1970-1977
(Restricted for use only with permission of the LOM Board)

1970-1971  Correspondence between Dr. Richard Gardiner and Dr. Charles Puls & others
1972 Correspondence between Dr. Richard Gardiner and Dr. Charles Puls & others
1973 Correspondence  (two folders) between Dr. Richard Gardiner and Dr. Charles Puls
1974 Correspondence between Dr. Richard Gardiner and Dr. Charles Puls & others
1975  Correspondence between Dr. Richard Gardiner and Dr. Charles Puls
1976  Correspondence between Dr. Richard Gardiner and Dr. Charles Puls
1977 Correspondence between Dr. Richard Gardiner and Dr. Charles Puls

Box 8
1.  Photos, 5 x 7”
2.  Larger photos with identified personnel
3.  Scripts – identifying pictures

1.  Hospital construction at Gorveh, Iran
1B.  Hospital – Patients, Nurses & Doctors at work – Gorveh
2.   "           "
2B.  Hospital Construction – Gorveh
3.  Hospital – Patients, Nurses and Doctors at work
4.  Hospital – Patients, Nurses & Doctors at work
5.  Hospital Dedication
6.  Hospital at Gorveh – Exterior – some during construction
7.  Hospital – Surgery mostly
8.  Hospital – Dedication of the new well
9.  Hospital – Interior
10.  Hospital personnel – mostly
11.  Scenes – Gorveh area and some unidentified people
12.  Gorveh Hospital buildings
13.  Commissioning – Rev. Paul. E. Bungum
14.  Malech Mission
15.  Ispahan, iran.  Mission hospital once owned by Church Missionary Society of London.  Dr. Wild, Surgeon
16.  Shammi (in Arbil, Iraq
17.  LOM – General
18.  Arbil, Iraq

Box 9
1963 Correspondence
1964 Correspondence
1964-1968 Correspondence – Gustav Ander
1963-1972 Correspondence, Norman G. Anderson
1972-1974 Correspondence – Robert Anderson
Correspondence, Archives, 1968, 1977
1963-1965  Correspondence, Paul Bungum
1965  Correspondence, Andrew S. Burgess
1963 Correspondence with Encyclopedia of Modern Christian Missions
1963-1972  Correspondence - Earl Ericksen
1933-1971  Correspondence  Alfred Boerger
1965  Gorveh correspondence
1964-1965 Correspondence – Rudolph Martens
1954-1968 Misc. Correspondence
1934-1954, 1962-1971 Correspondence – Clarence Mueller
1958-1962 – Correspondence, Henry & Margaret Mueller
1963-1971 –Correspondence, Phillip & Regina Mueller
1963-1972 Correspondence, Mrs. Byron (Anita) Nelson
1970-1973 Correspondence, Dr. Charles Puls
1961-1973 Correspondence , Al Rustad
1963-1972 Correspondence – Sadiq Shammi
1968-1973 Correspondence, H.A.A. Smith
1964-1973 Correspondence, Wendell Swanson
1972-1973 Correspondence, Florence Thorson
1951-1954, 1963. Correspondence, A.W. Walck, ALC connections, Takeover?
1963-1964, 1976-1977 Correspondence, C.H. Zeidler

Box 10

Correspondence from C.C.A. Jensen
1968-1973 with Richard Gardiner
1955-1959, 1963, 1972  with Rev. Arvid Myhrwold
1957-1958, 1962 0 1965  with Rev. A. W. Walck
1954, 195701958, 1966-1968 also with Rev. A.W. Walck

Box 11

Financial Records

1.  Receipts – January 1948-June, 1951
2.  Receipts, 1927 –Dec. 1935  pp. 1-252
Journal Entries   pp. 253 – 299
Receipts  March 1934 - Dec. 1935   considerable water damage
3.  Receipts, January 1936- December 1949
pp. 475-483  Journal entrees
4.  General Fund pp. 1-151
Hospital Fund p. 151
Educational Fund, p. 190
Orphanage Fund, P. 201
Opportunity Fund, p. 225
Table of Receipts. P. 240
Boosters Fund, p. 251
Annual Memberships, p. 281
5.  Expenses/Disbursements, Jan. 1923 – June, 1951
Check Register – October, 1958 – June, 1960
Check Register – June, 1960 – December, 1960
Check Register - January, 1961 – February, 1962
Expense register – June, 1957 – July, 1958
Gestetner (mimeograph company) information, brochures

Box 12

Reports and Minutes, 1952-1953
Reports/Minutes, 1954-1956
Exec. Committee Minutes, July 27, 2937-1948
Reports/Minutes, 1948-1951
Reports/Minutes, 1931-1940
Executive Secretary’s Reports & Correspondence, Dec. 1949-February, 1950
Historical Resume (History of Lutheran Missions for Kurdistan territory)
Executive Committee, January, 1957-January, 1960
Sadiq Shammi
American Lutheran and Evangelical Lutheran Church reports
Social Security Reports
Rev. Rudolf Martens
Rev. Henry Mueller
Dennis Mueller
Rev. Phillip Mueller
Clarence Mueller (4 folders)
Margaret Mueller
Ruth Mickelson
Missionary Council Reports
Rev. Alfred Boerger

Box 13

Board of Directors Reports – 1925
Mission Report  - 1926
Executive Committee Minutes – 1930-1937
Reports/Minutes - 1931-1940
LOM Misc. 1930
Audit Report of LOM – 1924-1927
Financial Reports -  1924-1946
Financial Reports, Soujbulak, Persia, - 1926-1932
Financial Reports, Soujbulak, Persia & Arbil, Iraq – From 1937
Travels in Kurdistan, 1896 – from journals of Rev. Gustav Karl Wiencke
Dahl, Martha -1926-1927
Mackensen, Rev. H. – 1914 - 1926
Mueller, Clarence  - 1934-1936
Mueller, Henry A. – 1929-1932
Mueller, Henry & Mrs. Correspondence – 1929 – 1932
Mueller, Henry – 1932-1934
Mueller, Henry – 1933- 1935
Mueller, Henry – 1937

Box 14

Missionary Meetings, 1958
Board Meeting, Nov. 1948
Constitution – Historical Sketch
Board Meeting, Sept. 5, 1957
Audit, 1956 & 1957
Appeals, Special letters
Haarvik, Orlaug, R. N.
Eastvold, Seth C
Financial Statements, 1951-1957
Agerstrand, C.F. Photos, Misc.
Audit Report of LOM Sept. 1924 – sept. 30, 1927
Jensen, C.C.A.
Walck, Rev. A.W.
Executive Committee Meeting Minutes, 1/25/27 – 10/30/29  (#2 elsewhere)
Treasurer’s Report, 1931-1946
Financial Reports/ Audits, 1929-1940
Missions and the European Situation (Foreign Missions Conference of North America)
Monthly Financial Reports  1 of 2 – 1937-1950
Monthly Financial Reports 2 of 2 – 1928 – 1938
Misc. Information
Financial Reports 1950 – 1951  Klein & Schlossin
LOM Misc. Board Reports and Correspondence, 1953-1957
Walck. Rev. A.W. (Correspondence with Rev. A.V. Boergev
1.  1937-1943
2.  1937-1941
Brown, Dr. J.N.
Erickson, Rev. E.C.
Eastvold, Dr. S.C.
Mueller, Regina Welsch
Jamil, Nuhad
McCreary, George B.
Mueller, Rev. Marcus C.
Nelson, Anita
Rand, Sidney
Schmidt, Rev. O.E.
Life Magazine Article on Iraq, Aug. 4, 1958

Box 15

“Palmquist photos slides and filmstrips”

The Minaret -   A Call for Lutheran Missions in the Moslem World…..publication of the Society for the  promotion of Mohammedan Missions.Box includes most of the issues from Vol. 1 No. 1, 1945 through Vol. 13, No.2, Jan. 1958
10 pages of 12 x 12” cardboard with pictures and text about “Community Health Development Project  - site not indicated Assume Ghorveh, Iran
2 Filmstrips with text – Christian Hospital: Story of Hope and Healing – L.O.M.
2 Cassettes (no tones) Christian Hospital: Story of Hope and healing – L.O.M. with text
Script – Faith at Work in Kurdistan – a slide program for your group meeting.  Goes with Slide Box #2
“photo album prepared  by Dr. Gardiner and given to Charles Puls in 1970 (orange sheet cover)
Folder – Filmstrip program.  Contains pictures, contact sheets of slides
Box of 70 slides  labeled #7; 12 slides in white box –MHT hospital
Carrousel tray #1 plus 24 slides  (Tomb of Cyrus the Great & Dizful – Iran Biblical city of the blind --among others)
Carrousel tray #2 – hospital work pictures
5 x 7 envelopes of pictures   - contents listed on outside may indicate contents correctly. 
-  Prayer groups
-  General – Adult patients
-  Buildings, shops and street scenes – Ghorveh
-  “Pictures for further use”
-  Six photo envelopes: 1: India and D.E.K.; 2: Bangaladesh & Nepal; 3: Delhi; 4: Risalpur (?); 5: Tank & D.I.K.; 6: Tank Hospital; 7: New Dehli; 8: Holland and Murdan (?); 9: Calcutta, Lamb and Turkey.  All with negatives.
Envelope with 4 slides of Mountains in Nepal
Envelope: “Pictures that have been used in publications” plus misc. negatives “which can be used in publications.  A few have been used – easy to check.
Cassette – “My interview with Gardiner – by C.A. Puls, 1972
8 x 10 picture including Puls, Jensen, Mueller and others
Small slide boxes  labeled:Lamb, DIK, I. Oberg, I. Oberg, Tank, India, Risalpuv(?), India, Misc. These are in black box. Also several small envelopes of negatives.

Box 16

Financial Records
Elvert Nurses
European Contacts
Financial Orders
Financial Information I  Guidelines
Financial Information II
General Mailing – Christmas Letters, 1971-1977
Financial Records
Financial Reports I
Financial Reports II
Gardiner 1963
Gardiner 1967-1970
Gardiner 1971-1979
Dr Gardiner
Franklin National Bank
Christian Hospital at Ghorveh, Kurdistan, 1970  Summer report – Photos & Text
A.J. Hetzel
Hospital Staff Meetings
Kutbi – Carpets
Magi – Video Projects
C.A.A. Jensen
Krueger, John. G.
LOM Catalog
John Mcdouall
News Letters to Board Members
A.J. Hetzel
Jan Olsen
Lewis Pinch
Reports to Board
Rev. Robert Pryor (Tehran)
Scantlebury, Ray
Shammi II
Shammi Pension
Jack Wallace, I.P. Marsh
C.H. Zeidler
Schedule of Payments, LOM to Dr. Gardiner; News Letters to Board Members 1979
Lutheran Evangelization Work in Persia and Kurdistan – L. O. Fossum,  1910
(On top)  8 ½ x 14”  booklet on Ghorveh Christian Hospital

Box 17

Bank Records 1978
Misc papers, 1997
History of LOM
Palmquist Report, 1996
Palmquist Report, 1997
LOM 1998 M. Palmquist Report
Summary of investments 1999
LOM LB – 2000
Washington Kurdish Institute – ‘02
Institute of Muslim Studies – 1988
Kurdish Persecution – ‘05
1993 & 1994 LOM field Reports
1996 LOM Activities Report
1998 & 1999 LOM Field Reports
Report on Audit – 1977 & 1978 & 1980
(In Norsk and ?arabic) – 2 sheets
Memorial folder for Rose Marie Oberg, 1998
“The Internally Displaced People of Iraq” -   John Fawcett and Victor Tanner, 2002
LOM The Messenger – copies from 1984, 1985,1990, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999
News about Kurds
Ledger pages from 1963-1967
Notebook of minutes of board meetings of LOM, 1983 – 1995
The World of Islam – John B. Taylor 1979
4 folders of Misc. papers

Box 18

60th Anniversary Banquet
Executive Committee Minutes 1982-1986
LOM Audits 1965-1984   etc
Audits , Hospital
Board – Agenda and notices
Field Study
Henry Mueller
Celebration, LOM
Incorporation (LOM)
Bible & Medical Missionary Fellowship
Board Minutes, 1980 – ‘86
Board Members
Bond, indemnity
Bremer Estates
Board – reports of Exec. Sec’y
Lutheran Brotherhood
Paul Bungam
Esther Carlson Estate
Gertrude Carlson – estate
Barbara Choate
Christmas Letter
Gilma T. Crawford Estate
Dr. Wm Dahl
Dehqani – Tafti Bishop
Ellis, Hergert & Alice
Elster, Marlene
DuCharne, Ruth – estate
Financial Reports by months, 1980-1986
Perchen Estate
Mueller, Phillip
Forsburg, E.O. Estate
Franklin National Bank
Gardiner, 1964—1966
Grieg, B.F.
Hospital Plan
Hospital Reports – Physician Accountants
London Committee
Lutheran World Federation
Marsh, F.J.P.W.
Medical Assistance Program, (MAP)
Milleville, Carl J. Estate
Missionary Research Library
Missouri Synod – LOM
Myrhwold, Arvid
Next Issues
Board matters, 1980
Nurses and Doctors
Oberg election
Treasurer’s Reports 1980
Opsal, Bernt
Patzold, Mrs. Leonard
Puls election Cert.
Puls   2
Stacy Roettger
Scott, Muriel
Scott, Dr. William
Strom, Dr. P
Rowden, H.J. Lloyd’s Bank
Rules for Missionaries
St. Anthony Park Bank
Saleem, Rev. Akhtar
Scott, Ed
Sidhom – LOM
World Brotherhood Exchange
Walck, A.W.
Swanson, Stephen and Nancy
Second Field
Donors – Special

Box 19

Missing copies:   Sept-Oct, 1986March –April, 1987 Jan – Feb, 1988 March-April, 1989 Jan –Feb, 1990March –April, 1990
White Notebook – Field Reports; Minutes of Executive Committee3/2000-6-2002; financial6-30-’99 – 10-2002; Endowment investments, 2001;  Director’s report 2002;  Job Description of Exec. Director;
Navy Notebook #1  Financial Records January 1996 – May, 1999
Navy Notebook #2 Board Minutes from Feb. 1996 – June, 1999
Navy Notebook #3 “The Messenger” Vol. 74, No.! – Jan-feb, 1986   -Vol. 84, No.1  Jan- Feb, 1996;   and one each from ’67, ’68, ’70 and ’74  plus Vol 69 (1981) and Vol 70 (1982)
Navy Notebook #4 Messengers:  No.1  Jan Feb, 1996-Vol. 91, No. 5   Sept – Oct, 2002
“Robins’ egg blue notebook –Misc material and pictures in plastic sleeves –from the‘70’s

Smith, Tony
Sparik, Enid
World Mission Prayer League
World Mission Prayer League -#2
Scott, William
Constitution (LOM)
Blincoe Report
Mission Statement (LOM)
Christmas Mailings, 1996-1998
Misc. 1973 – 2002
Misc. publications

Box 20 A

VHS Tape – “Quest of the Maji”   Linnell to Ken Harris
Audio Tape – Al Malmberg’s WCCO radio interview with John Snider regarding the Lutheran Orient Mission Society’s Carpet Exhibition
DVD “Lutheran Orient Mission Society”
Booklet “Borders of Terror, Frontiers of Peace”  Brookelyn Fitts
(Turkey’s Forgotten Kurdish Women and girls at the crossroads of history)
LOM Messenger – May-June, 2008
Notebook – “Would you be a friend to the Kurds?”  These are their faces – story
Folder with DVD  - “These are their Faces, Here is our Story”
Folder:  “A Ray of Hope”
Blue folder – “To be archived for LMD – 2005-2009

Regular Folders
Lutheran Mideast Development, 2007-2009  Strategic Plan.  Planning notes
Lutheran Mideast Development – Constitution Change  2007  Drafts and Process
LOM  Bible Lands
LOMS bible Lands Assoc. Reports
LOMS Correspondence  (mail, e-mail)  1996-2002
LOMS donation receipts
LOMS Field Reports
Global Mission Weekend  LOMS  Calvary Lutheran, April 17-18, 2004
LOMS History
LOMS  “Kine em?” (Who are we?”) Turkish & translation
LOMS  Kurdish Missions
LOMS Messenger – Vol. 85 – March –April, 1997-Vol 96, May-June, 2007
LOMS Turkey Pictures
Lutheran Mideast Development  Board Mtg agenda  1/14/’08 -May 12-2008
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial, 1996-1997
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial, 1998
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial, 1999
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial, 2000
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial, 2001
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial , 2002
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial 2003
LOMS Correspondence, 2003
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial, 2004
LOMS Meeting minutes and Financial, 2005
LOMS meeting minutes and Financial, 2006
LOMS Meeting Minutes and Financial, 2007

Box 20 B

Lutheran Orient Mission Executive committee Minutes, 1967-1973
Executive Committee minutes, 1974-1975
Executive Committee Minutes, 1976-1979
Executive Committee Minutes, 1980
Executive Committee Minutes, 1981-1985
Lutheran Orient Mission Annual Meeting Minutes, 1974-1977
LOM Annual Meeting Minutes, 1978-1980
LOM A.M.M,1980 – 1982
LOM A.M.M., 1983-1984
LOM A.M.M., 1985
LOM Correspondence – Dr. Clemens H. Zeidler, VP to & from Rev. Arthur L. Rustad, Treasurer, 1967-1976
LOM Historical Notes
LOM Rev. Henry A. Mueller, Margaret Kearns Mueller
LOM promotional materials, ca 1979-1988
LOM “Rules for the Missionaries at the Field.”
LOM Correspondence – Dr. Clemens H. Zeidler, Fin. Sec. to & from Rev. Charles A. Puls, Jan, 1975-Dec. 1975
LOM Correspondence, Zeidler – Puls, Jan 1976-Dec. 1976
LOM correspondence, Zeidler – Puls, Jan, 1977 – Nov, 1979
LOM Correspondence, Zeidler –to & from Arthur L. Rustad, Exec Sec & Treas. 1960-1966
LOM Board of Directors, Recognition certificates
LOM Check stubbs, Feb. 17, 1976-Dec. 27, 1977
LOM Constitution and By-laws
LOM  1) Hospital, Ghorveh, Iran – correspondence, re: construction funds;
2) Ouster of C.C.A. Jensen as Exec. Sec’y Treas. & A. Walck as president, 1963
LOM correspondence, Missionary recruiting methods questioned
LOM Correspondence, Missionary Report from Dr. Richard & Monica Gardiner, Hospital – Ghorveh, Iran, 1978
LOM Correspondence, Missionary Termination pay for Sadiq Shammi
LOM Correspondence to Mrs. Byron Nelson, Board Member
LOM Correspondence, Zeidler to & from Puls, 1/4/73 – 12/26/74
LOM  - Issues of “Kurdistan Missionary”, Vol. 15 , 1923 – Oct. 1926; “Lutheran Orient Mission”, Jan. 1950
LOM Bd of Directors & Exec. Com. Minutes and Agendas, 1959-1963
LOM Bd of Directors and Exec. Com. Minutes and Agendas, 1963-1967
LOM  Bd of Directors & Exec/ Com Minutes & Agendas, 1973-1975
LOM Bd of Directors & Exec. Com Minutes & Agendas, 1976-1977
LOM Bd of Directors & Exec. Com Minutes & Agendas, 1978=1980; 1987 – 1980
Two recording tapes marked only 8:30 and 10:30
LOM  Henry A. Mueller, Margaret Kearns Mueller, Am. Luth Mission, Arbil,Iraq

Box 21

Print plates for newspaper articles

Box 22

Print plates for Newspaper articles

Andrew S. Burgess (1897-1993)arrow link to top of page

Biographical sketch

Dr. Andrew S. Burgess was born September 29, 1897, in Herscher, Illinois.  After serving as a lieutenant in the U.S. Army during World War I, he attended St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota, graduating in 1919.  He then went to China as a teacher and famine relief worker (1919-1921).  He earned his bachelor’s degree from Luther Seminary in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1924 and was ordained for the ELC on a call to China.  He served as a missionary in Madagascar (1926-31).  While there, he met his wife, Constance Stolee; they were married in 1928 and had five children.  He was field secretary for the NLCA Board of Foreign Missions (1932-47) and director of the ELC Missionary Education Department (1944-48).  Meanwhile, he obtained the Master of Theology from Luther Seminary (1936).  Upon completion of his PhD from Drew University in Madison, New Jersey (1948), he became professor of mission and world religions at Luther Seminary, holding that post for 21 years (1948-1968).  He also taught at Martin Luther Seminary, Papua New Guinea (1969, 1972-73, 1978, and 1982); Natal, South Africa (1970); Benagaria, India (1980-81); and China and Hong Kong (1983).  He was editor of The Messenger (Madagascar, 1929-1931) and The Missionary (U.S., 1938-49) and authored several books.  He died August 25, 1993.

Scope and content

This collection contains personal papers of Andrew S. Burgess and related materials in a variety of formats.

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE:  Photographs, memorial service programs, obituaries, copies of articles both by and about Burgess, magazine clippings, and interview transcript (1987).

PAPERS COLLECTION:  Papers from committees on which he served.  Correspondence with missionaries (1946-60); international students; and others from throughout his life.  Lectures on ethics.  Materials from commissioning services which he conducted.  Hardcover and paperback books in Swahili, including a New Testament, hymnbooks, Luther’s Small Catechism, and grammar books.  A 45-rpm record: Musica Nova Africana.  Wire recording spools.  An embroidered piece of leather.  Pictures from missionary retreats, including photographic negatives.

Folder list

Shinto – The indigenous religion of the Japanese
The Lutherans and the Indian
Continuing Education in the ELC of Papua New Guinea *
Royal Redeemer Lutheran – Mendota Heights, MN *
Grace Lutheran – Hanlantown, Iowa
M – Missions club, 1961
Seminary Missions committee – 60’s
Radio committee, 1937-1953
International Students Studies committee  80’s
Burgess Retirement  1970
Ethics Lectures
American Missions Course Objectives, & Biblical Exam, 1956-1961
Correspondence with Missionaries, 1946-1960
Correspondence with Norway  1962
Correspondence with India  - 60’s
Correspondence and papers: 1917-1920; 40’s – 60’s; 70’s & 80’s
Overseas Students at Luther in the 50’s & 60’s
Correspondence to and with International students:
      E. Andriamandroso - Madagascar    
S. Devaprased – Tamil Church
      L. Dlamini – Natal
      K. Ichiyama – Japan
      T. Jadtun  - Norway
      M. Kilevo – Tanzania
      S. Kishii - Japan        
Tien Min Kung – Taiwan
      S. Moshi – Tanzania
      P. Mchlungu – South Africa  see M. Ngema
      N. Minz – India  see M. Samuel
      M. Moyo – Rhodesia *
      E. Mshana – Tanzania *
      M. Ngema – South Africa    
R.  Ngota – Tanzania
      D. Nimcir – Nigeria *
      S. Njowi - Tanzania
      T. Oshiba – Japan
      K. Sato – Japan *
      M. Samuel - India      
E. Schlieper – Brazil
J. Sigamani & J. Sinaga - India
F. Sianipar A. Simandjuntak, & P. Situmeang – Indonesia
K. Tschai – Ethiopia
Burgess Correspondence with names listed Alphabetically  B-Z (not all letters present)
Misc. file
Pictures from Missionary Retreats
Commissioning services conducted by A.B. with pictures
Colored Negatives
* = material first listed, but can’t find when cataloging the box.  WT  3/1/2011 

Olaf C. Cartford (1920-2012)arrow link to top of page

Biographical sketch

Olaf C. Cartford was born January 14, 1920, in Port-Dauphin, Madagascar; his parents were missionaries Richard C. and Marie Mortensen Cartford.  He obtained a B.A. from St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota (1942) and a B.Th. from Luther Theological Seminary (1945).  After a stint as chaplain in the U.S. Navy Reserve (1945-47), he served one year at St. John’s Lutheran in Northfield.  He then obtained an MST from Princeton Theological Seminary (1950).  He married Verna Matson in 1951.  He was pastor at Immanuel in Wadena, Minnesota, and St. Paul’s in Verndale (1951-67).  He then served as assistant to the Bishop, Northern Minnesota District, Moorhead, Minnesota (1967-85) until his retirement.  He lived in Moorhead until his death, November 16, 2012.

Scope and content

The collection contains materials primarily related to Cartford’s personal life.

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE:  Luther Seminary enrollment card, class reunion memories form, and biographical note.

PAPERS COLLECTION:  Correspondence with family and friends.  Photographs, especially of Cartford, his siblings, and their parents.  Writings on family history.  Newspaper clippings featuring family members.  Obituaries, graduation announcements, birth announcements.  A bound copy of Cartford’s Master’s thesis.  A copy of Richard Cartford’s trust agreement.

Folder list

Family: History and Clippings
Ragna (Cartford) Evenson
Photographs [2 folders]
MST Thesis [hardcover binder]

 John Victor Halvorsonarrow link to top of page

Biographical sketch

John Victor Halvorson was born December 20, 1920, in New London, Minnesota.  His grandfather Johannes, sometimes called John, was also a pastor.  John Victor obtained BA at Luther College in Decorah, Iowa (1943); BTh at Luther Seminary in St. Paul, Minnesota (1950); MA at University of Minnesota in Minneapolis (1953), and PhD at Union Theological Seminary in Richmond, Virginia (1962); he also attended Johns Hopkins University (1954).  He married Hazel Iverson in 1946; they had six children.

He was ordained in 1945 and became pastor of two congregations concurrently in Washington: Immanuel in Everson and Zion in Ferndale (1945-49); he then became pastor of Our Savior’s in Stillwater, Minnesota (1949-52).  He was on faculty at Luther Seminary in St. Paul for 21 years (1950-71) as professor of biblical studies; his work was greatly influenced by the theology of Reinhold Niebuhr.  He returned to ministry as senior pastor of First Lutheran in Brookings, South Dakota (1971-75); senior pastor of Bethlehem in Aberdeen, South Dakota (1975-79); associate pastor of St. Olaf in Austin, Minnesota (1979-82); associate pastor of Risen Lord in Odessa, Texas (1982-85); and pastor of Decorah Lutheran in Decorah, Iowa (1985-86).

He received the Distinguished Service Award from Luther College in 1972.  He retired from active ministry in 1986 and died October 2, 2007.

Scope and content

This collection primarily contains materials relating to the academic career of John Victor Halvorson.

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE:  Photographs, obituaries, letters, seminary registration card, and short writings.

PAPERS COLLECTION:  Correspondence with church leaders, Luther Seminary faculty and administrators, and scholars; notably including Reinhold Niebuhr, John Bright, Sigmund Mowinkel, J.A. Aasgaard, George Aus, H.L. Foss, J.C.M. Hanson, Fredrik Schiotz, Lloyd Svendsbye, and Hubert H. Humphrey.  Course materials, lecture notes, and short writings.  Materials on Lutheran history, ecumenism, and Luther Theological Seminary.  Papers, addresses, and articles written by others, including Herman A. Preus, J.A.O. Preus III, and Fredrik Schiotz.  Materials pertaining to Halvorson’s grandfather Johannes, including correspondence, sermon notes, and family history.  Photographs.  Books by Halvorson himself, Reinhold Niebuhr, and other authors; most of these are heavily annotated by Halvorson.

Date span approximately 1884 to 2007; bulk 1950 to 1986.

Folder list
Career and Marriage
Correspondence (1942-2005, bulk 1952-1986)
General (1942-2005, bulk 1952-1978)
John Bright (1978-1986)
T.F. Gullixson (1949-1968)
Hubert H. Humphrey (1962-1968)
Sigmund Mowinkel et al. (1965) [Old Testament Studies]
J.A.O. Preus, Jr. (1964-1981)
Alvin Rogness (1960-1986)
Academic Materials and Writings
Theses and Other School Papers (1950-1953)
Old Testament Course Materials
Prophets Course Materials
Isaiah Course Materials
Church History Course Materials
Bound Notes
Talks, Short Writings, and Assorted Course Materials
Book Reviews
Luther Theological Seminary
Lutheran History and Unity
Lutheran-Catholic Relations
Reinhold Niebuhr
Correspondence(1959-1972, bulk 1960-1967)
Clippings and Articles (1960-2006, bulk 1960-1971)
Writings by Others
Papers and Addresses (1945-1965)
Articles and Newsletters (1934-1987, bulk 1963-1970)
Paul Holmer (lecture notes)
Johannes “John” Halvorson, 1861-1924 [Grandfather] (approximately 1884-1997, bulk 1884-1920)
Correspondence, Documents, and Family History
Sermon Notes 1
Sermon Notes 2
Photographs (approximately 1913-1980)
Book of clippings (hardcover, 99 leaves): from newspapers in Norwegian and English

Fredrik Axel Schiotz (1901-1989)arrow link to top of page

Biographical sketch

Dr. Fredrik A. Schiotz was born June 15, 1901, in Chicago.  His mother and father were both immigrants from Norway.  The family later moved to Hawkins and Ladysmith, both in Wisconsin.  He graduated from St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota, in 1924; he then taught high school in Ladysmith (1924-1926).  He earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees at Luther Theological Seminary in St. Paul, Minnesota, interrupting his studies for one year to serve as traveling secretary for the Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions.  He was ordained in 1930.  He later studied at Northwestern University and the University of Chicago.

He was pastor at Zion Lutheran in Duluth, Minnesota (1930-1932); Trinity Lutheran in Moorhead, Minnesota (1932-1938); and Trinity Lutheran in Brooklyn, New York (1945-1948).  He was executive secretary for the Student Service Commission of the American Lutheran Conference (1936-1945) and executive secretary for the Commission on Younger Churches and Orphaned Missions, of the National Lutheran Council in New York and Geneva (1948-1954).  He directed the Department of World Missions of the Lutheran World Federation (1952-1954).  He was president of the Evangelical Lutheran Church (1954-1960) and then became the first president of the newly formed American Lutheran Church, serving two terms (1960-1971).  During that period he was also president of the Lutheran World Federation (1963-1970).

He married Dagney Aasen, August 23, 1928.  They had three children.  Dr. Schiotz was awarded the rank of Commander with Star in the Order of St. Olav by the king of Norway in 1968; he also received numerous honorary doctorates throughout his life.  He died February 25, 1989.

Scope and content

This collection contains personal papers of Fredrik Schiotz spanning his whole career and the many organizations for which he worked.

BIOGRAPHICAL FILES:  Three folders on Fredrik Schiotz himself.  Main folder contains interview transcript (1977), periodical clippings and photocopied articles, anniversary ephemera, conference programs, ALC memoranda and letters, photographs, addresses, and talks.  “Photos” folder contains positive photographic prints from throughout his life, memorial service program, two 33-rpm records of his addresses, oral history abstract, and clipping from Bond: Lutheran Brotherhood magazine.  “1994 Memorial Event” folder contains, flyers, brochures, periodical clippings, photocopied articles, correspondence, committee meeting minutes, and photographs.

Related files:  Folder for his wife Dagny contains obituaries and photographs.  Folder for their son, Rev. J. Paul Schiotz contains Luther Seminary enrollment card.

PAPERS COLLECTION:  Texts and notes for sermons and speeches.  Materials from his student days, including class notes; papers; and his master’s thesis, “Grounds for Belief in the Bodily Resurrection” (1932).  Correspondence, notably including exchanges with world churchmen, the World Council of Churches, the American Lutheran Church, and other ecclesiastical bodies, as well as general correspondence.  Lecture notes, approximately 1968 to 1980.  Materials from his extensive travels, including travel arrangements, log books, and notes.  Materials from missionary organizations, such as pamphlets, minutes, and constitutions.  Notebooks from meetings and conferences.  Articles he authored, mainly on social issues such as Vietnam, race, and poverty.  Photographs of Fredrik Schiotz, his family, and others.  Sound records of his speeches on 33-rpm records.  A boxed Vesterheim Medal (1978).

Edward Anders Sovik (1918- )arrow link to top of page

Biographical sketch

Edward A. Sovik was born June 9, 1918 in Honan, China.  His parents were missionaries from America; he lived his first seventeen years in China.  After graduating from St. Olaf College (Northfield, Minnesota, 1939), he studied art in New York with the Art Students League (1939-40).  He then spent three semesters at Luther Seminary (St. Paul, 1940-41) before enlisting in the Marine Corps, in which he served as a pilot in the Pacific theater for four years.  He married Anne in 1946.  After obtaining the M.Arch. from Yale (1949), he began an architectural practice in Northfield, Minnesota.  His design portfolio includes roughly 400 churches as well as other buildings.  He was the founding director and president of the Interfaith Research Center for Religion and Architecture; director of the Liturgical Conference for six years; director of Lutheran Social Services of Minnesota for six years; president of Minnesota Society American Institute of Architects (1977); and president of the Minnesota Architectural Foundation (1985).  He is the author of several books, including Spirituality and Architecture, Architectural Esthetics and the Church, and Accessible Church Buildings.  He is the subject of Architecture for Worship, a documentary film showcasing several of his church designs.  He is a recipient of the Gold Medal form the Minnesota Society AIA (1982), the Godfrey Diekmann Award from the American Academy of Liturgy (2008), an honorary doctorate from Concordia College (1981), and many other honors.  He retired in 1996.


The collection contains materials relating to the architectural career of Edward A. Sovik.

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE:  Correspondence, vita, Luther Seminary enrollment card, magazine clippings, photocopied articles, architectural drawings, and thirteen photographic slides of St. Olaf chapel.

PAPERS COLLECTION:  Journal articles, short monographs, addresses, lectures, speeches, and conference materials by Sovik himself; also articles and presentations by others, particularly on matters of liturgy.  Handwritten notes, architectural sketches, and blueprints.  Testmony at legislative hearings.  Bibliographies of church architecture.  Materials regarding the Federation of Diocesan Liturgical Commissions, including correspondence.  Proposals and other materials concerning church building projects.

Box list

Box 1  |  Box 2  |  Box 3  |  Box 4  |  Box 5  |  Box 6

Box 1arrow link to top of page  

Folder 1
Elements of the Christian Tradition in Building
Designing the Baptismal Vessel   4-95
Translations (new conversation)
Sitting Proper   2-91
Secretary of Interior – standards for Historical preservation projects  ‘89
AIA/FRAA Affiliation  ‘78
Architecture with the Legislators  ‘77
Testimony at Legislative hearings, 2-78
Testimony at Legislative hearings 1-79
Testimony at Registration Board Hearing  11-77
Testimony at Legislative hearing  3-79
Testimony at Board of Architecture, Engineering, Land Services  8-77
Proposal for Change in MN Registration laws  5-77
Building Official Institute  1-78
Whither Thou   1988 National Endowment for the Arts
Gold medal Response  10-82   LB
Seminar on Professional Responsibility  9-80
Comments on Values or Membership in Professional Society
Professionalism  3-83Registration Board Seminar
Notes on licensing Interior Designers  2-88

Folder 2
Garments for the body of Christ
Slide Presentation  - Liturgical Space
The Space of Worship  1979
The Mirror of the Church  ‘87
Portals of Transcendence  ‘83
The Architecture of Faith  2-89
On Kneeling in Worship  7-97
Making a Eucharistic Table  6-94
Metaphors of faith  ‘02
Some comments on Church lighting  10-90
7 reasons for flexible spaces of worship  9-92
Notes on Church acoustics
Notes on Sacred Space  (Christian Century )  3-82
The Design Process
7 views of Architecture as Art  10-83

Folder 3
Speech at St. Leo’s  no date
Spiritual spaces  symbol and ritual  10-93
IFRAA  9-91  Columbus, IN
Living on the High Wire   5-92
The environment for sight, sound and action   Dialog 6-86
Portals of Transcendence Methodist conference  St. Oaf, 7-83
A generation of Change in Church Architecture  1-79
Tea and Sincerity   for The Liturgical Arts
The Theologian as Architect   6-76
Letter to Good Shepherd, Moorhead MN  on chancel changes  9-01
Letter concerning chapel at Methodist Hospital  11-99
Spirituality and Craft  AFRAA  10-92
Acoustics in the Church Building   7-87
Notes on Floor surfaces for Church buildings  7-79   Vine Life
Notes on Floor surfaces for Church Basements  7-87
Sitting Proper   Notes on seating for the Assembly  10-90
Notes on Builders Fees  7-91
Choosing decision makers for a Church’s Building program  3-79  Vine Life
An orderly Journey   The processing of Environment and Art
Notes on Sacred Space  3-82  Christian Century
What makes a Building Religion?  1-82
Church Architecture:  A public Language  8-78
Architecture, Esthetics, the Church

Folder 4
Sittler, Joseph – “Achievement & Values in Architecture  8-67
Callahan, Daniel  “Response to Joe Sittler
Thomas Matthews “Problem of Religious Content in Contemporary Art  8-79
“The Empty Cradle”-Frontiers  9-59
Protestantism and Architecture  - Theology Today
George Kelm  “The Lord’s Supper in the N,.T.  12-62
Martin Heineken, “Faith’s Affirmations  5-59
Martin Heineken, “Theology and Architecture
“Tillich on Religious Content in Modern Art  8-66
Edward Frey  “Renewing the Architectural image of the Church  ’67  LCA
Eugene Brand  Prelude to Building a Church  Luth. Society of Wor, Music & Arts  5/67
Alvin Beachy, “Worship as the Celebration & Covenant Incarnation  3-65
Gordon Chamberlin -Principles for Discussion  6-63
Joseph Sittler  “The complex road to Simplicity
Sovik  “The Faith our Forms express  4-64
Fundamentals for Church Builders   9-61

Folder 5
Fundamentals for Church Builders   YOUR CHURCH  9-61  Dup?
The Faith our forms express   4-64   dup?
A guide for planning Lutheran church buildings  12-62
Article in GLASS  4-68  p. 24
Article in FAITH AND FORM  p 8
Article in YOUR CHURCH p.36   11—73
Article in THE LUTHERAN 11-86  (quoted)
4 Articles in WORLD ENCOUNTER  4-68
Article in MODERN LITURGY  p.8  9-94
Article in DODGE CONSTRUCTION NEWS  p.18  8-67
Article in YOUR CHURCH  p.16  7-67
Article in MODERN LITURGY  p.46  11-93
Sovik  Architectural Economist  5-76
Architecture Minnesota
Article in NEW YORK TIMES  7-68
Architectural Esthetics and the Church   dup?
From  LUTHERANS IN STEP   1-80  “It’s a restaurant – No it’s a church
From SPECTATOR  5-86  “A nice part of the world”
From Wichita EAGLE  4-79  “Church buildings now reflect new values”
From Sacramento BEE  8-67 Architect raps Construction Designs
Sacramento – Church Buildings called Profane
From CUTTIONG EDGE  7-78  Church Architecture – a public language
A New Design for a small college   St. Olaf High Rise Dorms

Folder 6
Spirituality and Architecture – St. John’s Abbey, 9-79
Images of the Church  - Wartburg Seminary  2-67
For the First Community Church, Columbus   4-89
Metaphors of Faith  - House of Hope, St. Paul  2-83
Comments on the design of a place of worship  12-77
Church and Architecture – a public language  1-80
The Mirror of the Church  6-88
The architectural process  4-76
Portals of Transcendence  -Bangor Seminary  4-83
Comments on the Architecture of a place of Worship  trinity Seminary 1-78

Folder 7
Changing Theological perspectives in Church architecture  - Gettysburg Sem.  5-80
Liturgical arts guild of Ohio  3-82
The Mirror of the Church  Milwaukee AIA  4-88
The Mirror of the Church  variation of above
The legacy of Cyrus M. Running  2-84
The reformation comes to church architecture  82 or 84  ALC Worship staff
Garments for the Body of Christ  -Nat’l Conf of the Assoc of Diocesan liturgy & music 11-86

Folder 8
About St. Olaf faculty  8-86
Notes in favor of a paper Art Collection  St. Olaf  9-91  David Johnson
Arnold Flaten – What was his program for the art department?   11-88
Architecture for hymn singing  5-89
5 easy pieces:  Notes on General Education  9-88
Dedication of chapel at United Hospital, St. Paul  10-80
Review:  Church Architecture: Building and renovating for Christian worship/James & Susan
      White  10-88
The Family Reunion (for Anglican and Episcopal History)  ca. 1990
Review: A Short account of early Muslim Architecture  Cresswell & Allan  1989
Heating the Water (for Baptism)
Notes on the American Scene
Kunst und Kirche  (?)
Review:  Body memory and Architecture  by Bloomer ;& Moore  1977
Ecumenism and High Art  8-78
For Reformed Liturgy and Music  2-82
For Christian Century  Notes on Sacred Space  3-82
The processes of Environment and Art   6-79  Marquette U
Images of the Church   for Worship  2-67
Metaphors of Faith   House of Hope  2-83

Folder 9
Reflections on Theology and the Architecture of Church Buildings  Summit UM Church  9-80
St. John’s Lutheran, Mpls.  1-83   Rev. 21:1-5
Asbury UM  Delaware OH  10-84
The Theology of the Church Building  Church of the Nativity  Fargo ND  ;7-79
The NT on places of Divine encounter   St. John’s Church 11-80
New Ventures Christian Church  7-86  Rev. 21:1-5
Asbury UM  Delaware OH  10-84
A Garment for the Body of Christ,  Willmette Luth Ch, Willmette, IL  10-85
Mt. Zion Temple, St. Paul  5-87
Corpus Christi  2-87
Notes on Turner’s Ritual, Tribal and Catholic, U of M. ;1976
A Generation of change in Church Architecture  1-79   St. John’s Summer Grad School 8-76
      Sovik, Regan, Dworshak

Folder 10
Religion, the
Arts and Human Liberation,  Ames IA  1-77
The processes of Environment and Art,  Marquette U  6-79
Secular Building as the architecture of Faith  10-03
Abandoning the catalogs  6-79
Building a quality environment or a transition to the Universe  1-73
Metaphors of Faith:  Religious Values in the Designed Environment   Bethel U.  4-79
What does Art have to do with Religion?  9-74
Aphorisms, Definitions, Citations   10-92(For E.A. Sovik)
What makes Architecture Good?   St. Paul  12-71
Introduction to a book on Religious Architecture  7-65
Ambiance of spaces for Christians  4-78

Folder 11
Newsletters (excerpts), 49, 50, 51,.53
Architecture as the Mirror of Religious Conviction  3-90
The Mirror of the Church  1991
Notes on Art  33
Architects with the Legislators  4-77
Dedication of the bust of C.M. Running  5-78  Concordia
Reflection on Architectural currents  1-86
From Liturgy, Vol 5 #4  Dressing the Church  86
Misc letters:  Ralph Rapson, Keith Rood, Don Hassenstab, RJ Newhaus, The Diapason, John
Eberhard, Cal Eichorst, Mary Jo Aegerter
Vita of E.A. Sovik
Cosmology, Ecology and Sacred Architecture  Seyed Hossein Nasr  4-92

Folder 12
Gold Medal Response   Lutheran Brotherhood, 10-82
What makes a Building Religious?   Architecture Minnesota  11-88
The relationship between Chair and Ambo – The Architects’ view St. Meinrad’s Archabbey 3-66
Introduction to an Exhibit of Religious Architecture  9-67   Congress on Religion
Reflection on the Design of St. James Church
The 20th Century Renewal Changes the Architecture of Churches  4-99
Some General Commentary on the 1967 Liturgical Conference Architecture Submissions
Metaphors of Faith  12-80
Notes on the Stained Glass for Bethesda Chapel  6-80
Notes on Church Basements  7-87
The Relation between Baptisty and Nave – The Architect’s view- St. Meinrad’s  3-66
Comments on the Liturgical Conference Cultic Arts Competition  1967
Four ways of Glazing Church Windows   3-68
Lutheran Encyclopedia  - Church Architecture

Folder 13
Liturgical Art and the New Churches- Advent “Response”  1959
St. John’s Minneapolis  Rev. 21:1-5, 9-26   1-83
IFRAA  Columbus, IN  9-91
Christian Commitment and the Practice of Architecture  ?late 70’s
An Orderly Journey  The processes of environment and Art  -
Monographs  1 =- What is a church
      2 –What is the Christian Congregation?        
      3 –Where is the presence of God?
      4 – Can a building remind us of Christmas?
      5 – What is meant by participation?
      6 – What is the Baptistry, and where should it be?
      7 – What is the altar?
      8 – What is Tradition?
      9 – Where should the Tabernacle be?
      10 – Can Architecture be a witness to Easter?
      11 – What is the Ambo?
      12 – What are the parts of a Church Building?
      13 – What do we mean by “Celebrating Mass?”
      14 – Should there be pews and kneelers in our place of worship?
      15 – What does Beauty have to do with Worship?
      16 – Where is the focus of a church building?
      17 – What do Christians mean by Servanthood?”
      18 –What about “flexibility” in the planning of church buildings?
      19 – What is a symbol?
      20 – What are the “practical” issues in Remodeling?
Spirituality and Architecture  - St. John’s Abbey  9-79
5 letters
Remodeling sketch for Normandale Lutheran – Edina  6-95

Folder 14   By others
God is in the Bluebrints  - Tim Stafford   Christianity Today  7-98
How Long?   Robert Jensen   Dialog  1-90
The Architectural Situation: The achievement of Values in Architecture   Joe Sittler,
From The Life of Christopher Wren
How Buildings Mean- Paul Goodman
Past Tense Present  - Ditmanson lecture 2002
The Shape of the Church’s Response in Worship   - Joe Sittler  Oberlin 10-57
The Church and Contemporary Culture   Paul Tillich  6-55
The Military Chapel as Non-Ecclesiastical Space   Jack Six, Carl Flick   -81
Do Christian Churches have Sacred Space or are the Hungarian Reformed Right?
      David Holmes  5-93 and coprrespondence
7 Stanzsas at Easter….John Updike

Folder 15  - Uncertain authorship
A Procession of Traditions  5-93
Suwon Wall:  A Choson King’s Filian Tribute
Proposal for Baptismal Service
Architects Conference  5-59 Draft
Prospectus for an Exhibit and a Book’67 Congress on Religion
Ecumenical Institute at Bossey  2-59

Articles by others (mostly)  1982-1990

Box 2arrow link to top of page  

Folder 1   Materials for Federation of Diocesan Liturgical Commissions
Comments on Guidelines for Art and Architecture
Outline for “Environment and Art in Catholic Worship  -‘76
3 page memorandum by Bishop ??? Procedures for repair, renovation or building
St. Paul Archdiocese document  31 pp
Baptism – Drafts 2,3
The setting for Confirmation
Sacrament of Marriage
Sacrament of Penance
The Architectural process  -’76   EAS
The Gathering of the Community  -the entrance  EAS
The potential of places and things  EAS  ’75   2 drafts
Systems and prefab buildings   EAS  ‘75
Addendums on multi-use placesEAS
The Sacred Meal   EAS – ‘75
Architectural arrangements for music  ‘75
The Sacrament of Anointing of the sickJames Notebaart
An outline of visual elements encountered at death and Christian burial – Notebaart
The Liturgy of the WordEAS  ‘74
Sound amplification  ’75  EAS
Acoustic quality   EAS
Selecting Decision-makers and Architects   EAS

Folder 2
Letters of congratulations – appointment as Fellow of the American Institute of Architects.  
Intentions of Northwest Architect  - EAS  ca 1930?
Handwritten notes for article, ca. 1955
“Firm and Consultant Capabilities   Vita of EAS and Steven Edwins
Art as a Kerygmatic enterprise  EAS  ‘66
Architecture as the Vehicle of Kerygma  (for Baptist S.S. Board) ‘66
Lecture at Boston University, 1982   16 pp
Handwritten notes on church Design
Handwritten notes on roads on a campus (Luther)
Handwritten notes on site for music building – Luther College
Statement of Principles regarding the Architecture of the Church  EAS – ‘85
Restoration and Design philosophy  1 p.
Forward to Modern Architecture and Christian Celebration by F. Debuyat
Variation on a theme  - the Moongate as symbol

Folder 3
Notes on stained glass for Bethesda Chapel  ‘80
Dedication of bust of C.M. Running – Concordia College  -78
Talk at South Dakota AIA conference  ’77   13 pp
Speech at Wisconsin Masonry Institute  ’80   12 pp
Handwritten notes  for Midway Kiwanis  ‘80
Artists Equity Assoc. ‘78
Stained Glass Assoc. ’87  Corning, NY
High Rise Residences on a Low Rise Campus  from College & Univ. Business ‘66
Introduction to a book on Religious Architecture  10 pp

Folder 4   -Bibliography of Churches – Church architecture
11 noteworthy churches  EAS
Twenty Modern Churches  -author unknown
A Bibliography on Architecture for the Church  - Herbert W. Johe  ‘58
Books to read  2 pp
Guide to worship buildings in Twin Cities, U.S.   12 pp
Handwritten notes  ’89   EAS
Some notes on the work of SMSQ   EAS  ’93 (Sovik, Mathre, Sathrum, Quanbeck)
Seven reasons for flexible places of worship   EAS  ‘82
Sitting proper.   Notes of seating for the Assembly  Albuquerque ’90  EAS   12pp
Spirituality and Craft  EAS  ‘92
Bibliography for Church planning and building  /by Eugene Wukasch  13pp
Supplementary listing for Bibliography for church planning and building  4pp
A Brief Bibliography on Church Architecture.  Presby. Church U.S.  1965 6pp
Selected Reading List on Art, Architecture, Liturgy and Religion  ’67 4pp
Bibliography by SMSQ 4pp ‘84
Space for Baptism  Bibliography  S. Anita Stauffer
Inclusive Language and Liturgy (bibliography), Jean Campbell, ’86  3pp
Reading in the Arts  (p. 10 & 11)
’84 Inter-Lutheran Annual Worship Consultation  -Environment and Art for Worship
Guild for Religious Architecture  ’72 bibliography
Yale Divinity School  Church Architecture Bibliography  4pp
Information Service – NCC  1964 Building for the Christian Faith in Secular Culture

Folder 5   Misc. Liturgical Materials
Talk for Boston AGO  ‘90
Proposed order of the Liturgy by Clifford Swanson, St. O.
Worship Proposals from Northfield ALC churches   5pp
Quotes on Worship   various authors
In praise of Excess  Christian Century, 10-19-83  William Willimon
Search for Resacralization by Keith Watkins  10-22-1969  16pp
Ritual in Human Society  Keith Watkins   16 pp 1969
Architecture and the Arts in Relation to Worship,  Walter A. Taylor, ’54  AIA
The Cleansing of the Temple, Garrett Seminary, 1962 Wm. Wenzler, AIA 9pp
Liturgical Art – the 4th R  R.H. Mutrux   ’65  2 pp
The Architecture of Churches – some doubts and hopes   Julius Shulman 5pp ‘69
The essence of designing a Synagogue  Percival Goodman,  ‘67
10 years after the Liturgy Constitution, a promise is a promise is a promise – from Living Worship 11-73
Religious Architecture: A New Renaissance in U.S.  Harold Wagoner, ‘73
Heaven can’t Wait, The transcendent in the Everyday, Robert Rambusch, ’74 8 pp
Current Documentation on the Ambo, Archdiocese of Boston ‘90
A few notes and thoughts about our corporate worship space, M.L. Kretzman

Folder 6  Misc. Liturgical Materials
An apology for Variable Liturgical Space,W. Seth Adams
A Report to Board-Faculty on Seminary Development, Rob. Roth ‘62
Church Design and Life today  EAS; comments by Paul Allen
The Two Moralities:  Works and Grace; Marvin Halverson  5 pp
Accent on Worship, Music, the Arts, Mar-Apr, ’73
Accent – Nov- Dec ‘73
The Divine Condominium  Gay Nagle
Diversity and multiplicity in the parish use of space.  Robert Rambusch
Pastoral Comments – The New Ritual of Adult Initiation…Joseph Cunningham
The State of the Liturgy, Father McManus ‘72
The Environment of Worship,  John P. Barry 6-74  Liturgical newsletter
Building a Church  -Liturgical newsletter
A Guide for Planning Lutheran Church Buildings,  EAS’62, AIA Journal
Post Religious Churches, Peter Smith 5-74
A Place to Work and Pray,  Rob. Roth (Northwestern Chapel)
Ministries in the Community and in the Liturgy, Aidan Kavanagh ‘72
Inland Architect  9-75
Quotes or Paragraphs taken from Documents & Writings relating to the Liturgy 37pp

Folder 7   Misc. Presentations
“Garments for the Body of Christ  -Nat’l Forum on Worship, Chicago 1-84  21pp.
“Christian Commitment and the Practice of Architecture”undated   5 pp.
“Other thoughts about Worship and Honor”  - undated   4pp
“Footprints of the Church”  San Diego, 3-13-92  25pp.
“A Procession of Traditions”  McLean VA,. 5-93   27 pp.
“Shelter and Symbol”  San Diego, Christ Church 3-92   16pp
“A Patient Search”  5-93  20 pp.
FDLC paper: “Selecting Decision-Makers and Architects  3-76  8 pp.
“Church Architecture – A Public Language:  1-80  18 pp
IFRAA, 2-80   16pp.
Explanation of worship service  4 pp

Folder 8  Brochures & Worship orders
Worship at Boe Chapel, Lent 1-3 and Palm Sunday 1961
Trinity- Mason City; Luther Memorial, Madison WI; Grace, Hatfield, PA;   Shepherd of the Hills, Hopkins, MN; St. James , Lake Forest, IL;  St. Raphael, Springfield, OH;
Christmas Festival, St. Olaf, 1953
Funeral service, Archbishop Leo Binz  1979
Christmas greeting to EAS

Folder 9  Presentations by EAS
Making the Eucharistic Table  11-92
Fundamentals for Church Builders   undated
Discourse on Church Architecture   undated
Cutting the Garment for the Body of Christ  1-60
Comments on the Design of a Place of Worship   12-77
A portfolio of Reflections   for Stephens College   undated
Reflections of the Fellowship of the Saints   undated
Architecture as a Place of Worship   4-66
Faith and Form   undated
What is a Church?  4-64
The Illusion of Theater and the Illusion of Architecture  9-69
Some notes on Triumphalism in Architecture (For Living Worship)  11-69
A Concrete Catafalque  9-69
What is a Christian Congregation   undated
Seven views of Architecture as Art   10-83
Abandoning the Catalogs  6-79

Folder 10
Restoration and Design Philosophy
Architecture for Hymn Singing  5-89   7 pp
Editorial for Response
Comments on the Choice of an Organ Builder
Communiaversity – The Legacy of Cyrus M. Running  2-84
Comments on St. Olaf professors  10-86  to Ted Johnson
Stained Glass Association  6-87
AIA/IFRAA Affiliation  8-88
Acoustics in the Church Building  7-87
Some comments on church Lighting  10-90
Comments on how SMSG can serve Lutheran Brotherhood  70’s
Some notes on Flags in the Centrum  10-72
Comments on the Architecture of Religion  9-70
An inner City Church   3-70
The return to the Non-Church  6-72
The Architectural Process  4-76
Talk at SD AIA convention  ‘77

Folder 11
Propositions for discussion  I & II
Gold Medal Response  10-82
Architecture as a Servant 10 short articles
The Building and the Music  11-86
The Prophetic Architecture for Churches
St. Catherine’s  The Church in Transition  9-66
Environment and Art in Catholic Worship
Magazine – The Hymn, a Journal of Congregational Song  7-90
Christian Century  3-82  Focus on Religion and the Arts

Folder 12
Federation of Diocesan Liturgical Commissions commentary on “environment and Art in
      Catholic worship.” 99pp.  two versions  by EAS

Folder 13
Audio notes for : A House for the Church”  Signs speak of mystery; Times change, people
change,  Furniture of the House for the Church, Celebrating Sacraments and the Praising Arts, The Building as Witness
Misc and uncatalogued letters letters and notes

Folder 14
Uncatalogued articles (many seem to be duplicates found elsewhere)

Folder 15
Blueprints and architectural sketches

Folder 16
Materials relating to a Proposal anr a Center for Interfaith Research on Religious Architecture

Folder 17
Materials concerning library at Concordia College – Moorhead
Correspondence with Sewell Mathre
Financial Statements Northfield Architects, 1952
Misc. correspondence, 1971-1973
Correspondence about Urness Hall – St. Olaf
Second Annual Mellby Memorial lecture – Harold Ditmanson 4-85
A Trajectory of Change in Liturgical Architecture
LWF “WorshipNet” 10-94
Notes on the Calling of an Architect
Liturgy Network  Autumn 2002
Rare Book Room at Luther Seminary
Notes and envelopes and air letters from Hong Kong ‘61

Box 3arrow link to top of page  

Folder 1
Articles and talks by Edward A. Sovik  - a list of 81, location in these boxes not known
1971  17 short pieces on shape of the church building
1998  12 short unrelated pieces on church architecture
Cannon Valley Collegium – 1999
Presentation at Wisconsin Masonry Institute 3-80   12pp
Paper by Gerhard Cartford for Luther Sem Faculty seminar 5-77 Non-verbal communication
Paper by Hans Kuizenga at Claremont:  “Does God make you angry?”
Audience of Liturgical Space –consultation Office of Worship plus UPCUSA
IFRAA 4-80   European Perspective
Perspective on 8 Twin Cities Churches
Thoughts on Stewardship, Ministries, Acoustic Quality

Folder 2
Mainly correspondence – Federation of Diocesan Liturgical Commissions, 1976-1977

Folder 3
Communication concerning a building at Waldorf College 1998

Folder 4
Propositions for discussion  5 pp
Q&A – for Tempo, 6-69
An Approach to church Building
Liturgical Arts and the Modern Church 3-59 – Church Architecture Conference
Church Design and Life today – St. Leo’s, Pipestone
Chapel talk, St. Olaf, 5-58
What is a Modern Church?  What makes a good modern church?
Programming for Theaters  4-69
Perspectives in the Architecture of Religion
A Layman looks at the church – What’s going on in Church Design – St. Johns, Nrfld
Notes to accompany Westwood’s New Candelabrum
Review of : New Trends in Church Architecture by Justus Dahinden
Introduction to seminar:  The Liturgy of the Worship Space.
Notes on Symbols and Spaces – St. Peter’s church, NYC, 3-71
Architecture as Symbol – the space of celebration, -Cranwell School, 8-71
Church Design and Life today…Waterloo, Ontario, 3-72
The Architectural Requirements of Liturgical Space,  4-71   Detroit conference
Alternatives to Church Building…Duke, 3-952 versions
Common Clothing.   Stephens college 10-72
FDLC  Detroit   10-72

Folder 5
Kunst und Kirche –A report on the American Scene 1972
The return to the Non-church
Inter-Lutheran Conference on worship   Architectural considerations  10-72
Inter Lutheran conference on worship  6-73  The Place of Worship: Environment for Action
An Approach to the Architecture of a Church College
Sermon- Stephen’s college 3-74  Mt. 5:17-20
Report on Jerusalem Congress on Religion 9-73  :”Sacrality, Place and Symbol
Church Architectural Guild of America Newsletters, 25,26 & 27  ’61.’62.’63
Luther Sem, 10-65  Piety in Worship & Architecture
Images of the Parish church, NY  11-66
Some misc. papers …no theme

Folder 6
St. Olaf Chapel talk  9-73
“A few more notes about Centrums  2-74
Review of “New Churches” by Reinhard Gieselmann   1972
Luther Sem.  The Places of Worship  (G.Cartford’s class on worship)
Notes on Art and Architecture
Thoughts on Problems and Possibilities of the C.A.G.A.  4-61
The Prophetic Architecture and the Churches
Notes on the Common Service  5-67
Untitled by EAS
Prospectus for an Exhibit and a Book  for ’67 Congress on Religion, Arch. & Visual arts. ‘67
2 Book reviews: Phoenix at Coventry- the building of a Cathedral by Sir Basil Spence
                  Modern Church Architecture by Christ-Janer & Mary Mix Foley   ‘62

Folder 7
Architecture for Hymn Singing   for The Hymn 7-90
Draft of “Liturgical Renewal 10-78
Letter to Dr. Ewald, Wartburg Seminary concerning chapel changes 12-60
A Christopher Wren Symposium
Word and Worship  7-87
Notes on the Role of Consultants  5-86  
Worship Consensus  Gordon Lathrop 10-84
Notes for a talk  handwritten  undated
Metaphors of Faith  4-85   Columbus , OH
Correspondence   AIA
The Incomplete Architect   Robert Bliss and John Flynn
EAS – AIA’s Committee on Religious Buildings (or Religious Architecture)
Correspondence – Northwest Architect
Handwritten – Principles for the development of liturgy; Questions for discussion; Olivet men’s
club – ‘64

Folder 8
Correspondence from Liturgical Conference to Guild for Religious Architecture’69-73
Correspondence  - Guild for Religious Architecture
Correspondence – Japan Lutheran Church
Correspondence -  Misc

Folder 9
Memories of an Amateur Marine  sections 1 and 4-19

Folder 10 –Binder -- Articles on the Church and Arts   by others
The Church, the Arts and Contemporary Culture –Dept of Worship and the Arts – NCC
This Architecture the Church needs,  Samuel H. Miller
Of Time and the Church,  Philip A. Wills, Jr
The Role of Theology in Church Architecture,  9-57
Arts and Religion, Emil Cammaerts, ecumenical Institute, Bossey, 4-53
Religious Education and the Design of Protestant Churches, J. Gordon Chamberlin
The Architect and the Church, 3-60, Ecumenical Institute, WCC
Structural Form in the Service of Eloquent Architecture,  Dr. Felix Candela, 4-64
Fundamentals for Church Builders,  EASovik, 4-61
A Place for the Preaching of the Word,  James A. Whyte, 4-63
The Ecumenical Building,  Rudolf Schwarz
Trends in Worship, Commission on Worship, NCC  5-61
Liturgy and Architecture, Andre Bieler,  8-61
Church Building and Liturgy in the Protestant Church, Otto H. Senn, Lucerne Conf. 8-61
Responsibility of the Artist,  Jacques Maritain, ‘60
Mission Project Case History,  Norman Madson
Silent Voices,  Sewell Mathre
God, Space and Architecture, Robert Jensen,  epiphany ‘67
Flags in the church, various views…EAS and others

Folder 11
What is Religious architecture?
The Physical Renewal of our Churches, LSWMA, Northfield, 6-66
A Guide for Planning Lutheran Church Buildings, 12-62 Journal of AIA
Letters to Westwood Lutheran, Mpls
The Faith our Forms Express, 3-66
Fundamentals for Church Builders
Symbolism in the Modern Church, ‘60
Reflections on the Fellowship of the Saints
The Prophetic Designers
Liturgical Art and the new Churches,  Advent “Response”, 1959
Cutting the garment for the Body of Christ, 1-60
Making the Eucharistic Table,  Modern Liturgy, 9-94
A Statement of P0rianciples regarding church architecture and the design of worship space and
its furnishings”
Renovation Education Supplement – Where is the Presence of God?

Folder 12
List of Sovik Churches, consultations and designs, Vita
The Return of the non-Church, Journal of the Guild for Religious Architecture, 9-82
Tea and Sincerity – Liturgical Arts
The Design Process
Remembrance and Hope  - for Faith and Form
Silent Song – Carleton College, 10-2003
What is Religious Architecture?
The Architecture of Kerygma 2-66
Architectural Esthetics and the Church 1-66
ARC  10-78
The Life of Christopher Wren
8 ½ x 11 pictures

Folder 13 AIA events and materials
Beauty is Back – Peter Schjeldahl
1966 in Deutsch, Ekumenische Diskussion  “Eine Theologie der Architektur” –EAS
1966 Conseil Orcumenique Des Eglises, “Une theologie de l’architecture” par EAS
The Theological Situation: The Achievement of Values in Architecture – Joseph Sittler
“Bathed in Light: An Art Guild Creates Spiritual Energy in church” Diane Ostby Peterson
The Neocapitalist employment Crisis,  Robert Bellah  Christian Century 7;31-96
Reformation is still Needed,  EAS  Lutheran Standard 10-66
Folder, ’67 International Congress on Religion, Architecture and the Visual Arts

Folder 14   Materials by  EAS and others
Beauty is back – Peter Schjeldahl
Minnesota Architectural Foundation, Ralph Rapson traveling fellowship
Okumenische discussion 1966 article in Deutsch by EAS, A theology of Architecture
Council Oecumenique Des Eglises, A theology of Architecture in French by EAS
Tkhe Theological Situation: The achievement of values in Architecture by Joseph Sittler
Bathed in Light: book proposal by Diane Ostby Peterson
The Neocapitalist Employment Crisis – Robert Bellah  Christian Century, 7-1996
Reformation is still Needed, EAS, Lutheran Standard, 10-66
1967 program for International Congress on Religion, Architecture and the Visual Arts
16 page Bibliography: Architecture for the Church; Books and Periodical literature
4 page Supplementary listing for Bibliography for Church Planning and Buildings
Response,Vol VII, 1966, “What is Religious Architecture?” EAS
Issues in Christian in Christian Education, Fall 2006, EAS cited on p. 14
Fragment from Worship, Vol.l 41, #6, 1969; Tegels: Liturgy and Culture
“Eulogy?” for Frank Kacmarcik, EAS
Misc. pieces

Folder 15
A new design for a small college -1963 @ U of M.  About St. Olaf’s high rise dorms  15pp
Comments on the Church and community service.  Seattle, 1963
Lutheran Encyclopedia article on Church Architecture, 1963  22 pp
Editorial for Response  undated
Church Design and the Communication of Religious Faith – Architectural Record, 12/60
3 Letters to a Church from their Architect from Protestant Church, 11-61
Fundamentals for Church Builders, from Your Church,  Fall, 1961
New Visions for Church Builders,  from Church Management, 10-61
The Shape of our Places of worship,  from The Council News,  4,5 – 1961
The Faith our Forms Express, @ CAGA-DCBA, Dallas, 4-64   21pp
      Same speech printed in Protestant Church Buildings, 5-64
Reflections on Westwood Lutheran Church,  ’64   4 pp
For a CAGA newsletter, 10-64
What is a Church?  @Commission on Worship and Music – ALC, 9-64  13pp
The Christian convictions of a Contemporary Architect, Lutheran Standard, 7-65

Box 4arrow link to top of page  
Folder 1
The Role of the Architect in Liturgical Renewal  2-’65  Liturgical Conference
     Edited article in Church Architecture  The Shape of Reform ‘65
Book Review: Architecture and the Church by LCMS Commission Book News Letter ‘10/65
A Portfolio of Reflections for Stephens College
The Relationship between the Chair and the Ambo – The Architect’s view  13pp
The Relation between Baptism and Nave – The Architect’s View   8 pp
Images of the Church  for Worship  2-67   17pp
A Theology of Architecture,  Study Encounter (WCC) ‘66
A Portfolio of Reflections (Northfield, MN UME church), fall ‘67
Bulletin of the Liturgical Conference, 10/67  p.5 Comments on ’67 Awards competition
The Valley of Decision,  from Dodge Construction News, 8-67

Folder 2
The Building and the Music  - address at AGO Central OH, 10/66 fromDiapason, 3-67
      Pre-publication text.  21pp
A Celebration of Truth,  from Mine One 1-67
Art, a Proclamation  from Mine One 2-67
Discourse…a Review of the Liberal Arts  1967
A Theology of Architecture,  from Study encounter, 1966 (WCC)
Metaphors, A Photograpic Essay on Religious Architecture…commentary by EAS ‘67
What is Religious Architecture?  From Faith and Form – Guild for Rel. Arch. Vol. 1
Faith and Form, 4-68  Letter to Editor  p.4 and on p.20
Faith and Form, 7-68 Review p.4, Award p.16,
Faith and Form, 10-68,  Book Review p.4, note on p.3, and p.16

Folder 3
Worship 3-67,  Images of the Church
World Encounter, 4-68 Every Church Should Sing a New Song, A Place for Holding Family
Reunions p.8; What is an Altar, Pulpit? Baptismal Fong? Why? P.14; Japan in the 20th
Century  p.28
Foreward to To Build a Church (book by John Morse)
Four Ways of Glazing Church Windows, 4-68 in U.S. Glass, Metal & Glazing
Tea and Sincerity,  for Liturgical Arts 8-68
      Magazine Article  with same.
Review of The Radiant City by LeCorbusier; Le Corbusier,  in Liturgical Arts 8/68 p.120
6 book reviews
A Philosophy and brief history of glass in church design, from US Glass 4-68  p. 24
Symbolism in the Modern Church from Stained Glass winter ’67-68  p. 17
Faith and Form  pp 4,7,22,29,30  Jan. ‘68

Folder 4
The Illusion of Theater and the Illusion of Architecture, Concordia College, 9-69
Review of The Imperial Hotel ‘68
For Faith and Form #10, 11 (A Concrete Catafalque?)  9-69
Assert the Eschatological for The Presbyterian Outlook, 9-69 p.6
Northwest Architect 3-69 Award p.28
House of God to House of God’s People, The Priest 4-69 p.214
      Article text  Esse Quam Videri – Notes on the building of churches
Worship 10-69  Review Revolution, Place and Symbol. 10-69 (article)
      Text in Worship

Folder 5  Magazine articles from ’69, ‘70
Faith and Form  1-69  see pages 3,4,26 and 30
Faith and Form  Letter to editor and response by EAS 2-69
Faith and Form  Review p.4
Faith and Form 10-69 Liturgical Week at Milwaukee p.15  (see also p.1)
Architectural Esthetics and the Church
From Tempo 4-15-70  “The Place of Religious Architecture in Today’s Environment” EAS
From Stone, 7-70  “Stone Tradition perpetuated by Science Center”  EAS p.12
From Living Worship, 1-70  Triumphalism, Sacred and Secular – a XN Architect’s Reflections
From Faith & Form, 4-70  “a problem in Church Renewal”  EAS
From Faith & Form, 4-70  “An Inner City Church”  EAS
From Faith & Form  “Some comments on Multi-purpose Church Spaces  EAS
From Discourse….A Review of the Liberal Arts, Spring ’70 The Illusion o0f Theater and the
illusion of Architecture, EAS
from Liturgical Arts, May ’70  p.94

Folder 6   Magazine articles from ’71 and ‘72
Church Design and Life Today,  pp 3-6 --Reflections 5-71
The Architecture of Religion, pp 20ff  - Faith and Forms, Spring, ‘71
St. Olaf College High Rise Dormitories – English & French
on Shopping Center Chapels p.14  From Faith and Forms, Fall, ‘71
Review of An Organic Architecture by Frank Lloyd Wright, p.55, Liturgical Arts,2/’71
The Smith Selection System for NW Architect, June,July, ‘71
“A World filled with Meaning” –about Lutheran Seminary in Tokyo Faith&Form, Spring ‘72
The Return to Non-Church  Faith & Form, Fall ’72  pp12 ff
From Cutting Edge, 3-72, Shopping Center Ministries

Folder 7  Magazine articles from ‘73
From Worship Nov. ’73 Sacrality, Place and Symbol  p547-551
From Journal, American Society for Church Architecture, 12-73  Sacrality, Place & Symbol
From Worship, 1-73.  Review of Tired Dragons by Edwin Lynn p. 57
Comment on “Return to Non-Church (see ’72) by Uel Ramey.  P.13
Blikt Punkt USA,2-73  “Auf dem Weg zur Nicht-Kirche” & st. Leo’s Church, Pipestone MN
Review of Architecture for Worship by EAS by Philip Ives  Faith & Form, Fall ’73 p.4
From Northwest Architect, Jan-Feb, ’73  p.6 A Tribute to Architectural Excellence

Folder 8  Magazine Articles from ’74, ‘76
Accent on worship, Music, the Arts  March-April ’74  “A few more words about Centrums”
4 Responses to EAS book Architecture for Worship. pp 2-7
Worship & Arts  p.41-47,  The Ambience of Spaces for Christians, EAS
Architecture – Filmstrip Narration.  Slides from EAS
From Liturgy, April ’76  p.114-117 Reflections of the Survival of Structures, EAS
From Faith & Forms, Spring ’76  Further on Reflections-San Antonio.  EAS

Folder 9  Magazine articles from ’77, 79, 80 – ‘86
The Ambience of Architecture for Christian People for Arkenstone12-77
From Faith and Form Fall ’77 p.12
From Your Church,May-June, ’77  On Kneeling in Worship”  EAS
From Faith & Form, Fall, ’78  p.15  Architectural awards
From Architecture Minnesota, 7-8, ’79 p.38,  “Abandoning the Catalogs” EAS
From Vine Life, 7-8, ’79 p.17 “choosing Decision makers in a Church’s Building Program
From AIA (Wisconsin) 12-79 “What is Religious Architecture?”  EAS
From US Glass, 1-2, ’80 p.36, “A Philosophy and brief History of glass in Church Design, EAS
From Gettysburg Seminary Bulletin, Fall, ’80  p.3  “Changing Theological Perspectives in
Church Architecture: EAS
From Christian Century 3-31-82 p.363 “Notes on Sacred Space” EAS
From Your Church, 9-10,’83  p.8 “Interview with EAS”
From Liturgy Forum, 3-4,’86  p.28,29
From Faith & Form, Spring, ’83  p.18

Folder 10  Magazine articles from ’88, 90
From Faith & Form, Fall, ’88  The Mirror of the church – EAS  p. 16
From Reformed Liturgy & Music, Spring, ’88  An Orderly Journey: The Process of Environment
and Art  - EAS  p.78-85
From  The Northfield Magazine, Fall ’88  Church Architecture, A Statement of Principles EAS
From  Journal of Architectural Education, Winter ’89, 5 Easy Pieces, EAS  p.58
From The Hymn, Fall, ’90.  Architecture for Hymn Singing,  EAS p. 10
From IFRAA, Winter ’90, Review by EAS  More Alike and More Different, p.40

Folder 11  Magazine articles from ’91, ’93, ’94, ’95, ’97, ’98, ‘99
From Kunst une Kirche,1/’91 Notes on the American Scene, EAS  p. 44
      Amerikungen zum Kirchenbau in den USA  - EAS
From Meeting House Echoes, “An Architect’s View: Architecture for Hymn Singing EAS ‘91
From IFRAA, Fall ’93  “Living on the High Wire”  EAS p.9
From Modern Liturgy, Sept. ’94  Making the Eucharistic Table, EAS p. 8
From Post Bulletin, 7-1-95, “Architect seeks the perfect Sanctuary” about EAS

Folder 12  Magazine Articles from ’97, ’98, ‘99
From Metro Lutheran, Dec,’99 “Sovik and partners marry architecture, theology.” P.15
From Faithlinks, May,99  “Art and Christianity Church: a place to be” EAS p.6
From USA Today, Dec,18, 1998 “10 great places to reflect on Christmas Eve”  EAS
From Worship, 1-97 Response to EAS “Non-Church” by Mark Torgerson p.19
From Worship 5-97 Response to Torgerson’s response.  EAS p. 244
From Faith & Form, #2, ’97  Remembrance and Hope – EAS p.9
From William Mitchell Law Review, #1 ’99 “Notes on the calling of an architect: -EAS p.189
From Liturgy Winter ’99  “Designing the Baptismal Vessel”  EAS  p. 38

Folder 13  Magazine articles from 2000, ‘01
From Faith & Form, 2000 p.26  Metaphors of Faith, EAS 
from Lutheran Partners, 7/01  p.28  Burial Rites and Cremation EAS
Correspondence about book:  Lectern edition of Bible by Charles Martin

Box 5arrow link to top of page  

Correspondence (mainly)
Alphabetical folders A-Z
Architecture for Worship – manuscript.  Preface, Chapters 1-4
Architecture for Worship – correspondence and reviews
The Future Calling of Architects – notes, reviews and some text
Columbarium materials
International Christian University – Tokyo
Name Change materials ….E.Anderson to E. Anders
Worship and  Architecture – ELCA
Genealogy of Andrew Kittelstadt
2003 AIA Award and correspondence
“Theology of Modern Architecture” – 2001  Basilica of St. Mary
Misc. papers
“The Design Process” – from Cross Accent, summer 1999

BOX 6arrow link to top of page  

Iowa and Nebraska Registration forms for Architects
Joseph Sittler – Archival
Jan Yoors – Weaving
Yale University – misc.
Mrs. Louis Sullivan

Proposals and materials concerning church building projects:
Princeton Theol. Seminary
Austin, MN – Our Savior’s Lutheran
St. Martin’s Lutheran Church, Austin, TX
Hope Lutheran, Fostoria, OH
Christdala Evangelical Swedish Lutheran Church,  Millersburg, MN
St. John’s Lutheran, Mars, PA
St. Paul Priory, St. Paul, MN
First United Methodist Church, Omaha, NE
Misc. Church Proposals
Misc. short Correspondence
Possible book with Pueblo Publishing
St. Olaf –distinguished Alumni materials & Campus architectural tour

Rolf Arthur Syrdal (1902-1993)arrow link to top of page

Biographical sketch

Rolf A. Syrdal was born August 12, 1902 in Hatton, North Dakota; his father was Rev. Peter R. Syrdal.  He married Borghild Roe (1926); they had two children.  He earned his BA at St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota (1924) and attended Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota, for his B.Th. (1927) and M.Th. (1939).  He was ordained in 1927 on a call as pastor to Trinity and Rosendale in Madelia, Minnesota (1927-29); he also served as assistant pastor at Trinity in Brooklyn, New York (1939-41) and associate pastor at Nazareth in Cedar Falls, Iowa.  He was a missionary in China (1929-36) and then a teacher at St. Olaf College (1937-39).  He attended Union Seminary, New York (1940-41) and completed his PhD at Drew University (1941), after which he became a professor at Luther Seminary, St. Paul (1941-46).  He then served as executive secretary of the ELC Board of Foreign Missions (1946-1960) and executive director of World Missions for the ALC (1960-63); his duties included editing The Missionary.  In 1963, he began a professorship at Luther College, Decorah, Iowa, from which he had received an honorary DD in 1951.  He died in a car accident December 2, 1993, in Northfield, Minnesota.

Scope and content

The collection contains materials pertaining to Rolf A. Syrdal’s missionary endeavors, primarily in China, Japan, and Africa.

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE:  File on Rolf Syrdal himself contains copy of history of Japan mission in Japanese with English translation; oral history abstract; clippings and photocopies of articles about Syrdal; a biographical paper written by Paul Hexom; photographs; memorial programs; report forms for retired ordained minister; and obituaries.  Separate file on his wife Borghild contains oral history abstract and photocopy of obituary.

PAPERS COLLECTION:  Correspondence with international students, other individuals, and organizations with which he was involved.  Synod constitutions and bylaws for church bodies in Japan, Tanzania, the Caribbean, and the Batak community.  Materials on South Africa, including correspondence, histories, correspondence, budgets, and seminary documents, and assorted minutes.

Folder list

International Students:
-  Bhengu, Shadrach – S. Africa
-  Jensen, Gurli Vibe – Nigeria
-  Johansen, Troels & Bodil – Sudan
-  Manoela, Nilsen
-  Ruohoniemi, Sanfrid E.
-  Chen, Peter – China
-  Hu, Paul,        “
-  Kan, Viola      “
-  Ku, Loren       “
-  Kuo, Charles   “
-  Ma, Nathan     “
-  Shen, PeterShen Ko-chun
-  Shen Yu-ching “
-  Tung, Stanley   “
-  Wang, Dora      “
-  Wang, Harry  -  “
Keith Bridston correspondence ‘56
ELC edited Constitution for church and District –‘53
Japan ELC  - Constitution ‘61
Caribbean Synod Proposed Constitution ‘52
Tanzania Constitution and Bylaws ‘56
Statutes and Regulations – Batak; Constitution of SE Lutheran Theol. Seminary, Constitution of
Northern Lutheran Church – Santal, ‘41
Correspondence concerning Missionary Taxation – with IRS

South Africa:
Graetz, Dr & Mrs. Correspondence ‘61
Misc. documents and minutes, 1961-1971
Hospital Work in South Africa  1958 – 1972
South Africa History
JCSA (?) Correspondence
Federation of Evangelical Lutheran Churches – South Africa
Lutheran Medical Foundation Correspondence (Hestenes)
South Africa – Church correspondence
Budget – South Africa – American Lutheran Mission 1962
ELCSA-SER  Budget & Minutes  1967
Lutheran Theological Seminary  S.A.  1967
South Africa Correspondence and Executive Committee minutes, 1960’s
Young Lutheran Churches – LWF Study 1957

Willmar Thorkelsonarrow link to top of page

Biographical sketch

Willmar Thorkelson was born in 1918 in Trail, Minnesota.  He earned his bachelor’s degree at Concordia College in Moorhead (1940) and his master’s at the University of Minnesota.  He married Maxine in 1945; they had two children.  He worked at newspapers in Bismarck, North Dakota, and Detroit Lakes, Minnesota, before coming to the Minneapolis Star in 1944 as a reporter of religious news; he remained at that paper until its merger with the Minneapolis Tribune in 1982.  He was present at all eight assemblies of the World Council of Churches between 1948 and 1998, and he covered all three sessions of the Second Vatican Council (1963-65).  From 1982, he was a regular contributor to Metro Lutheran and a contributing editor for The Lutheran, the magazine of the ELCA.  He received the Wittenberg Award from the Luther Institute of Washington, DC (1998); in 2001, he became the first recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Religion Newswriters Association.  He died November 29, 2002.

Scope and content

The collection consists primarily of Willmar Thorkelson’s journalistic coverage of the Second Vatican Council and the first eight Assemblies of the World Council of Churches (WCC).  Includes newspaper articles, periodical reports, and press reports.  Materials cover all three sessions of Vatican II, plus decrees, papal speeches, and materials on Pope Paul VI’s 1965 visit to the U.N.  WCC materials include articles from all eight assemblies (1948-1998) plus correspondence.  Also contains articles on events other than Vatican II and WCC.

Folder list

Second Vatican Council

  1. Vatican Council 1961
  2. Vatican Council 1962 – Articles and Newspaper articles

  3. Vatican Council 1963 Articles, #1

  4. Vatican Council 1963 Articles, #2

  5. Vatican Council 1963 Newspaper Articles

  6. Vatican Council 1964 Articles

  7. Vatican Council 1964 Newspaper Articles

  8. Vatican Council 1965 Newspaper and print articles

  9. Vatican Council Post Council Reviews

  10. Vatican Council Finished Decrees and speeches by Pope

  11. Vatican Council  Official Council Observers

  12. Vatican Council – Secrecy – case of Xavier Rhynne

  13. Vatican Council and Eastern Orthodoxy

  14. Vatican Council and Marriage

  15. Vatican Council and Religious Liberty

  16. Vatican Council and Liturgical Changes

  17. Life Magazine Article on end of the council 12-17-65

  18. Pope at the U.N. 10-4-65

  19. World Council of Churches  1961

  20. Misc. Articles…WCC and U.S. Religious Scene

  21. 1956 Management Audit of Roman Catholic Church

  22. Newspaper Articles on Spain

  23. The American Church in Paris

World Council of Churches

  1. FIRST ASSEMBLY - Amsterdam The Netherlands – 1948

  2. SECOND  ASSEMBLY - Evanston, IL, U.S.A. – 1954  Newspaper articles

  3. SECOND ASSEMBLY – Evanston – Misc. articles  

  4. SECOND ASSEMBLY -  Evanston  Misc. Articles

  5. SECOND ASSEMBLY - Evanston–  Misc. Articles

  6. THIRD ASSEMBLY -   New Delhi, India – 1961  Newspaper articles

  7. THIRD ASSEMBLY – New Delhi Misc. Articles

  8. WCC correspondence – 1964

  9. FOURTH  ASSEMBLY -  Uppsala, Sweden, 1968  Misc. Articles     

  10. FOURTH ASSEMBLY   Uppsala  Misc. Articles

  11. FIFTH ASSEMBLY   Nairobi, Kenya 1975   Misc. Articles

  12. SIXTH ASSEMBLY  Vancouver, Canada 1983   Misc. Articles

  13. SEVENTH ASSEMBLY   Canberra, Australia 1991   Misc. Articles     

  14. EIGHTH ASSEMBLY  Harare, Zimbabwe, 1998   Misc. Articles